History Of Occupational Therapy

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History of Occupational Therapy


An occupational therapist applies his specific knowledge to allow peoples to engage in activities of daily life having personal meaning and value. He developed, improved, or restored independence of any person who has an injury, illness, disability or psychological problem. The goal of occupational therapist is to provide skills for the job of living to clients (which are necessary to live in the community or in the client's selected environment).

The history of the occupational therapist is very long, but it basically comes under consideration after 1960's when American Occupational Therapy Association gives him priority in the medical field after understanding its importance. Occupational therapy ensures positive improvement in the patients as this gives detail information to the professionals about approximately each and every joint, bones and parts. It also explains the complete movement of each part. It allows the patient to treat problem or illness with physical and mental forces or more specifically energies.

After understanding the complete structure or anatomy and physiology of the bones and joints, it is easy for a professional to treat its problem or imbalances present in the patient effectively. In the end, we can explain the importance of anatomy and physiology in occupational therapy by saying that no good treatment occurs without anatomy and physiology knowledge. That's why it is very important to learn the anatomy and physiology in the occupational therapy to take full advantage of that field.

Table of Contents




Anatomy of Occupational Therapy6

Physiology of Occupational Therapy6

Cardiovascular system7

Respiratory system7

Nervous system7

Locomotor system8

Importance of Anatomy and Physiology in Occupational Therapy8

History of Occupational therapy


Occupational Therapy is a suitable profession that proves as a perfect agent in the treatment of the sick peoples. Occupational therapy can motivate the development of creative interventions to promote health of the society or peoples. It can be defined as a health profession to help people in achieving independence, meaning and satisfaction in every aspect of their lives.


This therapy was first introduced on the humanistic ideal of promoting well-being through a specific occupation. In 1921, the annual meeting of the National Society for the Promotion of Occupational Therapy-now known as AOTA was conducted. This meeting evolves philosophical beliefs of the profession. These beliefs can be linked to current beliefs and concepts in health promotion and wellness. Occupational therapy, the arts-and-crafts movement and the mental hygiene movement were all introduced in this period. It is due to this tradition that occupational therapy's humanistic commitment to promote optimal quality of life and independence for all persons developed. The field of occupational therapy was not effective in promoting preventive health between the 1920s and 1960s but few details of occupational therapy's role in prevention health could be found in the literature published during this time period.

In the early 1960s, therapy's role in preventive health treatment developed in the profession as an issue, In occupational therapy's development at this point, professionals tell that a person can improve its health illness through the use of his hands as it is energized by its own mind and ...
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