Child Labour In India

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CHILD LABOUR IN INDIA

Child Labour in India



Child Labour in India

Introduction

Child labour in India

Not all tasks performed by children should be classified as child labour, this should be removed. In general, the participation of children or adolescents in jobs that do not threaten their health and personal development or interfere with their schooling is considered positive and not under the category of child labour. Other activities that cannot be classified as child labour include providing support to parents at home; assisting in a family business or work a child undertakes outside of school hours or during holidays to earn pocket money. The term child labour is generally defined as work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is detrimental to their physical and psychological development.Thus, it refers to work that:

Is dangerous and harmful to the physical, mental or moral development of children, and

Interferes with their schooling by depriving them with the opportunity to attend classes; or forcing them to leave the school prematurely, (Das, 2006)

In India child labour is in the extreme form, children are subjected to conditions of slavery. Separated children are exposed to serious hazards and illnesses. They are stranded on the streets of large cities (often at a very early age.). Child labour in India is highest in the world. In India baby farming, animal husbandry, horticulture, Zea and silk production, handloom, carpet weaving, glass manufacturing, jewellery industry, garbage picker and being engaged in household work are areas where child labour is most commonly found. (Mishra, 2000) In India child Labour, (Prohibition and Regulation) Act 1986 includes legislation that under 14 years of age children in 13 occupations and 57 processes, which were considered detrimental to children's lives and health, were banned in the country where child labor was becoming a business that should not be.

The law is silent about the agricultural sector. The reality is that 70 per cent of the population of child labour is linked to agriculture. The International Labour Organization, an international program to eradicate child labour in 1991 was kept. India is the first country to join it in 1992. Even though, child labour is anathema to all humanity, this disease seems to be rising with the passage of time, not curbing it, as well. Domestic servants from agriculture, shops, factories, are places where child labour is quiet common in India. (Giri, 2001)

DiscussionSociological explanations of inequalities in health in relation to disability, gender, class and race.

The sociological stream, which can be, applied to health and to promote the care and individual welfare is functional, which argues that societies are wholes that are like living organisms. They are composed of elements that are integrated and interrelated and interdependent. These are systems where each part is integrated into everything as a system, producing balance and stability, which are possible adjustments and maladjustments. The child labour which is growing in India need to realize the sociological explanations of inequalities. Indian societies have its mechanisms of control to influence any internal or external elements that threaten the balance of inequality. These are considered as a deviation or dysfunction which is a trend of the system ...
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