International Criminal Court

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International Criminal Court

International Criminal Court

The objectives of the International Criminal Court

For decades there has been a need to establish a permanent and authoritative judicial body responsible for the prosecution of international crimes. Rome Statue established the International Criminal Court, to remedy this need. The objectives of the International Criminal Court are woven throughout its founding document - the Rome Statute. However, the most prominent declaration of the Court's objectives is expressed in the Permeable to the Rome Statute.

The preamble States the aim of the ICC is to punish international crimes primarily through national criminal jurisdictions and alternatively by its own process. This is a statement of objectives for the International Criminal Court, as well as national courts, the following paragraphs of the preamble of the Rome Statute emphasize the primary role of the state in achieving the objectives of the Court. Rome Statute was concluded. Finally, the Rome Statute affirms that its purposes and principles coincide with those of the United Nations.

With the end of the First World War, the idea for a tribunal having international criminal jurisdiction emerged. After the Second World War the creation of an international criminal court became an even more prominent concern of the United nations.' New proposals to facilitate this idea were introduced, including the creation of a criminal chamber within the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The interest in creating a body with international criminal jurisdiction eventually faded and, although consistently advocated by academics, did not re-emerge within the work of the United Nations for several decades.[]

The motivation for a permanent international criminal court arose from the need to establish an institution to hold individuals responsible, at an international level, for the great atrocities of war, genocide, crimes against urbanity and aggression, but not necessarily limited to these areas. The idea of holding an individual responsible for his/her wrong doings can be traced to the intrinsic nature of humankind to find justice.

Unfortunately, war is still a reality in the international community and so are the crimes that accompany it. War tom societies are often left without any legal mechanisms to prosecute the many crimes that may have been committed. In addition, grave crimes against humanity, genocide and acts of aggression still occur. Therefore, a need exists to prosecute those responsible for international crimes and, furthermore, a definite need for the International Criminal Court to become a reality. The idea of an international criminal court has existed for well over a century and finally its operation has become a hope for the near future.

Criminal Court is to explore the contrasts between the exercises of jurisdiction by international criminal tribunals and to grasp an understanding of the objectives in adopting "complementary" as a novel concept to regulate the exercise of jurisdiction by an international criminal court. Finally, the prospects of a complementary scheme of jurisdiction may be evaluated in light of the experiences of previous institutional structures with competency for the prosecution of persons accused of international ...
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