Poverty And Crime

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Poverty and Crime

Poverty and Crime


Based on the study of the nature of poverty and inequality in the thesis presented a theoretical explanation of the problem, poverty is a phenomenon of economic indicators and measurement methods is not always based only on economic cause and effect (Merton, 1938). Thus, poverty is directly related to other parameters of life opportunities, such as, health, access to education, freedom and opportunity to participate in public and political life. In this paper the role of poverty in Robert Merton's Theory and how social disorganization theory explains it, will be discussed.


Robert Merton's Theory and Poverty

Robert Merton takes the concept of anomie Emile Durkheim (The Division of Social Work, 1893), but gives a different status. For him anomie is not the result of a morbid or abnormal state of society, but the product of the social structure (Merton, 1938). The use of this concept allows him to assert two propositions i.e. the social structure is more important than poverty in the etiology of delinquency and the social behavior seemingly very different business such as delinquency or that the poor may fall by the same explanatory model.

Anomie is a form of global tension between these goals and means. Thus, in American civilization, one of the goals socialized in the scale of values is money, symbol of comfort, prestige, power. However, the economic mechanisms do not allow access to all legally wealth (Glick, 2005). It follows the phenomena of deviance. Robert Merton identified five types of individual accommodation, which take into account the personality but not the role of individuals in economic activity.

Conformity: to the extent that the company is stable, this type of adaptation is the most widespread and ensures the continuity of the company;

Innovation: the importance attaches to the success of civilization encourages people to use ...
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