The Great Silk Road is the code name of the international land caravan trade route in ancient and medieval times, a network of trade routes between Asia and Europe. The Silk Road was term created by the Polish geographer Ferdinand Freiherr von Richthofen, in 1877 (Boulnois, 2008).
Significance of Silk Road
There is significance of Silk Road because this road was to bring goods, money, and many people to china form traders or people who wanted better lifestyle. It owes its name to the prestigious commodity circulating in it, silk, whose manufacture was a secret that only the Chinese knew it, though the Romans became great lovers after learning the secret before the beginning of our era through the delivery: they then organized trade (Christian, 2000). Many other products traveled these routes: stones and precious metals, woolen or linen, amber, ivory, lacquer, spices, glass, coral manufactured materials, etc. Via Silk Road difference cultures along with art and religions were introduced. With the development of commercial trade between East and West, the influence of these two great civilizations on each other steadily increased.
The Silk Road spread religious ideas and missionaries carried the faith in foreign lands. For example from India through Central Asia and East Turkestan in China, Buddhism came from Syria, Iran and Arabia - Christianity and then Islam. According to researchers, the penetration of Buddhism from India to China was going through Central Asia and Kazakhstan. In the spread of Buddhism in East Turkestan and China's important role belonged to the Central Asian theologians and missionaries, especially the Sogdians, Parthians, kangyuytsam. Along with Buddhism on the Silk Road, coming from West to East, Christianity spread. Another example of significance of silkroad is Borobudur a which is Buddhist monument of colossal dimensions, such that ...