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Sir Isaac Newton 1642-1727

[Name of the Institute]

Sir Isaac Newton 1642-1727

Introduction

Isaac Newton was born on 25th December, 1642, a Christmas day in England. He was a premature baby and his father died three months before his birth. In addition, his mother left him with his grandmother when he was three years old, because she wanted to remarry. When Newton's step father died, eight years later his mother came back to him with three children and he denied her and refused her attention. With his mothers return, Newton had to become a farmer which he was unsuccessful at and was able to return to Kings' school so that he prepare himself for Trinity College, which he was requested to go to by his mother's brother, a clergyman who was an undergraduate there. Newton paid his first three years fee by cleaning the tables and rooms of rich students.

Educational background

In 1674, he met a Professor of Mathematics, Isaac Barrow and received private study from him, which caused him to master in few important scientific revolution figures. When the university at Cambridge closed in 1665 after a plague had spread all around Europe and came to Cambridge Newton spent two years studying problems in mathematics and physics. With this, he began to understand the theory of gravitation and the theory of optics. However, he was always scared to publish his work during this time. As he also had expertise in mathematics, Newton made a method of fluxions, which was related to calculus. Newton recalls "All this was in the two plague years of 1665 and 1666 for in those days, I was in my prime of age for invention, and minded mathematics and philosophy more than at any time since.”

In April 1667, Newton returned to Cambridge, and he was elected as a minor fellow at Trinity. During this time, he also began to work on alchemy; however, Nicolas Mercator published a book having some methods for dealing with infinite series. Newton wrote a treatise, De Analysis, right after Mercator adding his own wider ranging results. Isaac Barrow helped share Newton's discoveries with London mathematics which brought attention to Newton in the mathematics community for the first time. In addition, he took a master degree in arts and became the senior fellow. Following this was Newton's becoming a Lucasian Professor after the reassignment of his friend Isaac Barrow. This gave Newton the chance to manage results of his earlier researches and communicate his paper to make public such as his study on the nature of color.

Achievements

Moreover, Newton's first major public, scientific achievement was a reflecting telescope. With the making of this invention, he made his own tools to build it. This invention was a huge jump in telescope technology and ensured his election to membership in the Royal Society. The telescope had a certain effect called chromatic aberration, which gave a focus in different colors at slightly different distances. His invention is still used today.

In 1666, the most remunerable thing about Newton happened, Newton's observation of the ...

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