The Impacts Of Tourism On Marine Environment

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The Impacts of Tourism on Marine Environment

The Impacts of Tourism on Marine Environment


Like other major industries, tourism is considered as a growing industry worldwide. Today it is common for people to cross the globe in search of an exotic paradise for shopping, attending a conference, play golf, participate in a tournament sports, betting in a casino, visit a theme park, relax in a spa or be medical or cosmetic surgery in a five-star hospital. Tourist can meet their needs and desires in the same for fast food chains, supermarkets and clothing stores that are offering exciting offers to tourist.

Tourism is truly a global business that makes everything good on earth. Most travellers would not want to be aware that they are fuelling a multibillion-dollar industry and contributing to unsustainable patterns of consumption and production. In addition, there is little awareness that they are the ones who pay the social and environmental costs. The latest World Tourism Barometer, published by the World Tourism Organization (WTO) United Nations indicates that international arrivals amounted to about nine billion by the end of 2007, thus continuing the steady growth experienced in recent years. It identifies the Asia-Pacific region as the engine behind the growth of world tourism, in which China and India represent the fastest growing markets (Wurzburger, 2009, Pp. 1-66).

According to the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC), travel and tourism now employ approximately two hundred thirty-one million people and generate more than 10.4 percent of world GDP. The Third World countries share many hopes in tourism. Third world countries are the ones who have to take serious steps to attract tourist to their countries. There is no doubt that tourism has many effects on the travel destination, its people and its landscape with it. These effects are particularly evident in third world countries, which have to contend with extreme humanitarian, economic and structural problems. From the many consequences of tourism they also have to consider the economic and spatial effects in more detail.

Discussion and Analysis

Negative impact of the tourism is especially on the country's natural resources or public recreation areas and travel. A special attraction for tourists is intact forest landscapes. Of course, forest fires, associated with fuelling the fires, mostly related to phenomena that characterize domestic tourism. Excessive "Offensive" in the country, held for development Tourism is in no preservation of natural resources, nor improves the leisure travellers. The solution of this important and far- not a simple problem should go through the improved overall Cultural tourism, including international, increased legislative and security measures, development of scientific positions rules of the load on each tourist attraction, development eco-tourism. Protection of natural resources requires creation and special technical equipment. Thus, the wider use technology to monitor the state of nature and the behaviour of tourists. Third, the provision of tourist new modes of transport, equipment and facilities, the use of which would eliminate the damage nature (Western, 2009, 14 ...
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