From 1824 to 1849, the Bureau of Indian Affairs was housed within the War Department; the agency then known as the Office of Indian Affairs. The placement of the agency was reflective of the mostly constant hostile and conflicts nature of U.S. and Native relations. Through warfare, other uses of military force, and the creation of treaties (many of which were fraudulent) with Native Nations, the United States gained control of more than 90% of Indian lands.
As part of the removal policy the treaty-making process, the government created the reservation system, lands of where tribes permanently removed to or relocated and forced to remain under military sanction. In exchange for ceding their ancestral lands, Native Nations promised in treaties they would be provided food, education, other goods, and annuities, thereby creating a state of dependency on the U.S. government. However, treaties were chronically violated through official corruption within the government specifically the Office of Indian Affairs, and continued hostile acts of European American settlers against Native peoples.
Arguments in Favor of Indian Removal
The Indian tribes in the States became important for the Government. It was the government policy to provide them art of civilization, but they were blocking Americans to expand. The government wants to retrieve their travelling life. The policy was to settle them and provide them opportunities and the benefit was all to the Indians. The Indians were mingled with the whites and wanted to make an autonomous government in Georgia and Alabama. The Government constitution declared that no additional state will form without the consent of its legislature. If they were not restricted they could have made their independent, sovereign state. If they would not control, they would have controlled other states like Alabama and Ohio. That is the reason they asked to emigrate beyond the Mississippi. Indians must have found uncontrolled so; they exiled from the river to the river and mountain to mountain unless they went (Erikson, Vecsey, Venables, p.100). Americans waited Indians to be in limits, but they did not and then final decision was made to exile them.
The expeditious removal seemed important for United Sates Government. Indians were savage hunters who may be a threat for civilized population. Removing Indians enables Alabama and Mississippi in wealth and power and get more stabilized. It enables states to pursue happiness in their own way. The states were in protection of government. With the intuitive judgment, the Choctaw and the Chickasaw tribes removed beyond the Mississippi River. These territories made in realistic conditions so, that Indians lay in Western forest. The Government gives the Indian moderate, comfortable, and new homes. They led with a happy life with their own people. Government makes sure that Indian remains to their own limits. The Government purchased their own land. They were given their sovereign power in their territories. There was then safety environment.
A barbarous society, who depended on survival upon insufficient and unreliable supplies by hunt, cannot live with the civilized community of white people. The Indian culture illustrates ...