Global Village or Cyber-Balkans: The Optimists versus the Pessimists27
CHAPTER III: METHODOLOGY35
DEFINITIONS OF COMMON TERMS
To understand the concepts discussed in this thesis, it is important to review accepted definitions of commonly used terms.
It is an electronic network of networks that links people and information through computers and other digital devices allowing person-to-person communication and information retrieval.
Coined at the end of World War I to describe the ethnic and political fragmentation following the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, the term most commonly refers to the division of a multinational state into smaller, ethnically homogeneous entities but may also be used to identify ethnic conflict within a single multiethnic state.
A concept which postulates that although the Internet renders geographic impediments irrelevant, certain electronic communities remain divided along lines of common factor or interest. Additionally, the term refers to the degree to which [these groups'] resources exist as disconnected islands within a larger population.
A set of people, organizations or other social entities connected by a set of socially meaningful relationships is known as a social network. When a computer network connects people, it is a social network.
It is an online social-networking website that lets users interact with each other by sharing information about themselves via personal profiles.
Contacts whose profiles are linked to another user's profile.
A space on a user's profile page that allows friends to post messages for the user. Many use their friends' walls to leave short, temporal notes.
A common space where users can meet others interested in a specific topic, disseminate information and conduct relevant public discussions.
A form of blogging that lets users write brief text updates (usually less than 200 characters) about their lives on the go and send them to friends and interested observers via text messaging, instant messaging (IM), email or the web (Java, Finin, Song and Tseng, 2007).
A service for users to communicate and stay connected through the exchange of quick, frequent messages. Individuals write short updates, often called “tweets,” of 140 characters or fewer. These messages are then posted to individuals' profiles, sent to their followers and are searchable on Twitter.com (Twitter.com, 2009).
An individual who receives and views another's Twitter updates (Sharpened.net, 2009).
An update published by a Twitter user. Similar to a blog posting, tweets cannot exceed 140 characters and are meant to answer the question “What are you doing?” to provide others with quick updates about the user's life (Sharpened.net, 2009).
Retweet (or RT)
To share the tweet of another user with all of one's followers. Retweets are usually prefaced with “RT @username” (Hubpages.com, 2009).
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION
During the past 100 years, the world has experienced a communication revolution. Almost like clockwork, every few decades a new form of technology has emerged to single-handedly redefine how the ...