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This paper intends to explore the importance of architecture of Bramante. Further, the significance of his architecture in relation with the attitudes and aesthetics of the High Renaissance will be discussed. Donato d’ Angelo Bramante was an Italian painter and architect. His architecture was introduced in the style of Early Renaissance to Milan and High Renaissance to Rome. His one of the most famous designs includes St. Peter’s Basilica. This paper will analyze the importance of Bramante’s architecture in order to make the reader aware about Bramante’s greatest works and also about the salient features of High Renaissance.
The style of Bramante’s architecture is based upon ancient Roman models. His architecture was consistent with the values of humanity of the time. One of the most important architectural wonder he has created includes ‘Tempietto.’ This work is overlooking the Vatican in which Saint Peter was crucified commissioned by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella. This work suggests the wonderful balance and harmony in amalgamating all the different parts of the work like dome base and drum individually and to the whole. This work was certainly initiated and promoted the architecture of High Renaissance Era (Fred, 2009).
Bramante was born in 1444 in a family of a farmer. His architecture career began with the guidance of Mantegna and Piero Della Francasca, the most important artists of the Renaissance. His artistic skills were somehow surpassed by the architecture skills he possessed. His buildings are evident of his early art training. During his studies, he was most influenced by the perspective rules (Preston, 2012).
Bramante moved to Milan in 1474 with an aim to continue his architectural development in the city of Milan. The buildings prevailing in the city were reflecting the gothic style of architecture. Bramante got inspired by this gothic style. His creation of several churches depicts his influence of gothic style. The work of Bramante was appreciated by Duke Ludovico Sfora. He became the personal architect of Sfora’s court. The rebuilding of church Santa Maria Presso San Satiro depicted Bramante’s and Sfora’s culminated relationship (Peter, 1997).
Bramante is also remembered for building the structures of Santa Maria Delle Grazie, Palazzo Caprini and cloisters of Sant’ Ambrogio in the city of Milan. The invasion of Milan by French Army in 1499 leads Bramante to move towards Rome, where he spent the rest of his life. Bramante was hired by Pope Julius II to design a new Saint Peter’s Basilica in 1502 which appeared to be the most popular work of Bramante. This creation cannot be counted under the contribution towards Renaissance architecture solely; however, this creation made Bramante one of the most famous architectures of the time.
Bramante’s work has contributed a lot towards the architecture design and revolution and ultimately the revolution in art. His work has influenced architects and artists for many years. Bramante was given acclimates like ‘Sebastin Serlio’s comment’ of ‘Bramante being a man of gifts in architecture.’ His great accomplishments in architecture made him earn such ...
Architecture is the process involved with different stages, that is planning, process and construction. There are different periods, paradigms and periods in the history that respond to different typology of architecture that can be differentiated on the type of construction, buildings and specifically the theme and the concept it follows in the particular era.
Avant-garde architecture is the architecture that is termed for its creativity, innovation and experiments. But that can be constructed on the real grounds thorough innovation, technology and modern methods of construction. It may involve creativity in many aspects, for example the use of construction material. Titanium was used as a construction material by Fran Gehry, in the Guggenheim Museum further the method of construction and the architectural form used, also tagged him as an Avant-garde architect (Tafuri,1987). There are many other architects like Le Corbusier, Louis Kahn, Rem Koolhaas, Norman Foster, Walter Gropius etc. the Avant-garde architecture of Russia is well known like Zuev Club (by Ilya Golosov, 1926) and Shukhov Tower, 1922.this wave of art flourished in Russia around 1890 to 1930. There are many other art movements that became the part of the paradigm like constructivism, and futurism. Avant-garde of Russia was on its creative peak during Russian Revolution of 1917 and 1932. Here a crash can be observed with of Socialist Realism.
It is referred to the form of architecture that is difficult to be constructed and these architectural forms include utopian, dystopian or fantasy projects that have never meant to be built (Architekturmuseum, 1990). It also includes the clamp down of the mid-1950s. They were group of architect that mainly belongs to Moscow Architectural Institute. It also involves the political influence of the time. In Soviet Union all the rebellious artist were pushed to leave the country, there were group of architect who decided to stayed on in order to work with Soviet government. The authorized architectural building from the Soviet Government had a communist aesthetic that is they were free of any type of unnecessary ornament or decoration. Many architects from that particular group decided to stay on the paper rather than following the restricted and dissenting architecture making it a way of protesting against this dehumanizing nature of Russian architecture (Cooke, 1995). This lead to the demotivation of architects for using traditional and vernacular form of architecture (Glassie, 2000). This era mainly included architects from Moscow as Michael Belov, Ilya Utkin, , Nadia Bronzova, Mikhail Flippov ,Yuri Avvakumov and Alexander Brodsky.
Opposition between Avant-garde and vernacular Architecture
Vernacular Architecture refers to the traditional form of architecture that may be followed by ornamentation, decoration or may be a particular style or the form that hatched up and retained in that particular region (Vernacular Architecture Group, 1971). Whereas the Avant-garde determines form of architecture, that involves creativity and experimentation. The vernacular architecture has already been accepted and adopted by the society where as the there may be a chance of ignoring and not being adopted and accepted in the society of the Avant-garde ...