1 John

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1 John


The Gospel of John is the fourth gospel in the canon of the New Testament, traditionally ascribed to John the Evangelist. Like the three synoptic gospels, it contains information about some of the actions and words of Jesus of Nazareth, but differs from them in ethos and theological emphases. Gospel to be written with an evangelistic purpose is primarily for Greek-speaking Jews who were not believers, and strengthen the faith of Christians (May, and Metzger, 21-28). The second objective was to combat criticism or unorthodox beliefs of Jews, John the Baptist's followers, and those who believed Jesus was only a spirit and not flesh. Authorship

The apostle John, the disciple of Jesus, it was generally accepted as the author of the fourth Gospel to the modern era. Authorship fourth Gospel is rarely seriously challenged until the late eighteenth century. The vast majority of modern scholars argue that the author was not a witness of Jesus ministry (Fonck, 31-39). Some modern scholars suggest there are other possibilities of authorship. Time and circumstances of writing a book / letter

Most scientists agree on a number of C. 90-100, when the Gospel was written, although the date in the early 60's or late, as the 140s were made on a small number of scientists (Bruce, 20- 28). In the writings of Justin Martyr used language very similar to those contained in the Gospel of John, who will also support that the Gospel was in existence, at least in the middle of the second century, and the Rylands Library Papyrus P52, which records the passage from the Gospels, usually dated to the first half of the second century (Robinson, 20- 27).

Dead Sea Scrolls suggested early Jewish descent "in the parallels and similarities with Essenne roll of Community law, in fact, so numerous and compelling that they will seriously challenge the theory that the Gospel of John was the last to be written, and that it shows marked Greek influence." The traditional view is reinforced by reference to the statement of Clement of Alexandria, which John wrote for deposit in the other gospels (Brown, 198). This is the place of writing of the Gospel of John is after entering in the synoptics.

Conservative scholars to examine the internal evidence, such as the lack of mention of the destruction of the temple and a few passages, which they consider typical of the witness (John 13:23, and more, 18:10, 18:15, 19:26-27, 19:34, 20:8, 20:24-29), sufficient evidence that the Gospel consists of up to 100 and possibly as early as 50-70. Rather a 90 on the basis of acquaintance with the Gospel of Mark, and later than the date of the synagogue expulsion of Christians (which is the subject of John) (Fonck, 31-39).

There are critical scholars who hold that John was composed of several stages (perhaps two or three), beginning at an unknown time (50-70?) And will culminate in the final text of about 95-100. This date is to be largely because John 21, the so-called ...
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