Compliance issues of civil rights and freedoms of various nations are among the current issues. Such questions are an integral part of the domestic policy of any country, especially multinational, such as the U.S. One of the many categories of the U.S. population is African Americans who were forcibly brought to the continent and for centuries have fought for their rights. Slavery was abolished in the XIX century. But it took another decade for the "full release."
So far black Americans belong to the least solute American nation. They form a special race and a community that has not only a single physical type, but dialectological particular elements of a culture, ethnic identity, due to the commonality of African origin and historical fate. Stability of discrimination led to the preservation of the nation and even the development of the black population of the U.S. group of race and identity. The labor of black slaves was a major factor in the U.S. economy. Important role in the creation of material wealth of the country black Americans continued to play throughout the entire subsequent history of the United States.
Declare the inalienable right to "liberty, equality and the pursuit of happiness," the government not in the least taken care of the constitutionally guarantee the implementation of these provisions. They left the institution of slavery. The text of the Constitution and the first ten amendments to it not only contains no recognition confronting racial and ethnic groups in special problems, but in general any mention of the features was the ethnic composition of the country. The Constitution states that the U.S. Census Negro slaves should count as 3/5 human. The government recognized the existence and future conservation institution of slavery. African Americans have struggled hard to come out of the segregation, isolation, discrimination (in form of slavery) to attain civil rights and equality.
In 1808, a special federal law importation of black slaves into the United States was prohibited. This, of course, was not profitable plantation south. In 1860, the president was Abraham Lincoln, who believed that slavery was contrary to the principles of democracy, but rather a rapidly growing industrial regime of the North. Began a grand struggle of agricultural and industrial capital, and the abolition of slavery was the main weapon against the planters, farmers, flourished through the use of cheap labor. Southerners were well aware that the abolition of slavery means to them complete economic collapse, and hence political dominance Yankees. All this led to the separatist tendencies of the South. The outcome of this conflict was the war that began in 1861
Racism in the New World was born among the planters of the South, which was profitable and slavery. But any economic interests are expressed primarily in the ideology and the ideology implies ideologues. In the fifties of the XIX century in the South there was the first organization that embodied the ideas of racism - "Knights of the Golden Circle." It was led by George ...