For nearly four years, Africans were brought to America as slaves. Europe, dominant at the time sent their boats to the coast of Saharan Africa to fill the holds of men and women who had fallen under the greed of settlers across the Atlantic. Since the capture process was started deculturation with the eventual aim of uprooting cultural, political, economic and social avoid the resistance that would become slaves. Despite these attempts were transported to America were never fully subjected, philosophy, traditions, history, sensitivity and knowledge were not completely uprooted. However, the relationships that existed in Africa between man and the geographical environment were truncated occupied. The Africans brought to America were provided with cultural systems, traditions and languages ??that the owners were concerned to remove to achieve optimal allocations for the job (Karenga, 2002). The deculturation intended to affect all areas of daily life of slaves, from daily habits to social and religious structures (Berlin, 1992).
Slaves sold in the New World were introduced into a new economic system, there is expected of them that only force would work, but it seems logical that, despite all the elements in contrast, had to reorganize to survive, both individually collectively, the conditions imposed by the masters. The deculturation started in the factory of the African coast where the slave and was stripped of his clothes, and therefore an external element of social differentiation. In the slave ship the diet that was submitted had nothing to do with care and taste delicious traditional African cooking, rice millet and replacing the meat or salted fish were the basis of protein for the human heaviness reach undamaged to the destination ports (Berlin, 1992).
The conditions of the slave trade were quite disruptive and degenerative diseases. Few men and women transported to the American colonies by the greed of European capitalism became the burdens of slavery and craft business in fat at the time of landing. Despite these unfavorable circumstances and really oppressive and disconnected from the African society, the slaves could and knew how to survive. They created their own identity features and mechanisms of solidarity generated in the cities and plantations, and broke the force at the time of the independence of the colonies (Karenga, 2002). The working conditions of slaves depended on a number of factors about the plantation's own internal, others such as climate depended on the location area and others outside the workplace, markets it was targeted, traffic and cost of freight (Litwack, 1979).
One of the variables affecting the relationship between masters and slaves was the type of crop. If it was a plantation, was not the same work on cocoa farms in the valleys Venezuelans in Cuban and Jamaican sugar plantations. Another factor to take into account the relationships between masters and slaves was whether the work of these was geared towards international markets and therefore depended on the pressure of demand and price of the product, or is engaged in production for local ...