Afro-American Struggle

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Afro-American Struggle


In modern society, many racial groups are stereotyped African-Americans, Asian Americans and Mexican Americans are among the most frequent racial groups stereotyped against. American journalist Walter Lippmann in his book, "public opinion" used the word stereotype in 1922. Context of this work focuses on African Americans in the United States and how they have faced many hardships and struggled to gain equality in the United States. white endorse negative stereotypes of blacks not only bias judgments of black verses white as recipients of social assistance in criminal suspects, but also affects the way they respond to counter-stereotypical information about the target. Negative stereotypes of African-Americans have been deeply ingrained in the culture of Anglo American since Africans were first brought to this country in chains (Moss 2009). Stereotypes were the main targets; they justified the enslavement of Africans, Anglo. Captured Africans were represented as dangerous and violent, and, as the heathen, who will use the civilizing influence of the Christian slave-owners. They were also presented as helpless, ignorant child like creatures who need the fatherly care of the enslaver.

Black struggle in the field of education

In the past 50 years, enormous strides have been made in the education of persons with exceptionalities. Much of this progress would not have been possible without the landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education (1954). "Separate but equal" schools for whites and blacks were legal traditions of South and de facto practice of the north, until 1954. Brown had a huge impact on where and how the kids in America have a good education (Parham 2003). This case is the Supreme Court declared segregated schools unconstitutional practices. Since the Brown decision, were later court decisions and laws adopted to protect the rights of all children, including those with disabilities, the need and free public education?

Despite significant improvements in educational opportunities for African-American children and children with exceptionalities, they still lack, especially for poor urban African-American children (Elaine 2005). Private schools were excluded illegal for almost 50 years, but the school experience for African-Americans often differ sharply from those of their European American peers. African American students are likely to be placed in classes for people who are mildly mentally retarded (MMR), or have serious emotional disturbances (SED), and less likely to be placed in gifted education classes than European American students. These problems are exacerbated by reducing the number of African-American educators who have traditionally played an important role in creating a positive learning environment for African American students. Reduction in the number of African-American educators can have a direct impact on the climate sensitivity is a school for African-American children.

The reality is that unequal educational process going on in America, despite the legal and moral mandates (Swift 2001). African-American children are at greater risk for inclusion in special education and exclusion from gifted children than other children. It is important to build on previous progress, but that can only occur with an honest dialogue between the interested parties who have a ...
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