Historically, psychotropic substances have been part of human experience. By psychotropic substance means any substance which acts on the central nervous system and affects how a person thinks, feels or acts. Concern about certain psychotropic substances (alcohol, illicit drugs, psychotropic medications prescribed) derives from multiple social and health problems that may be associated with the consumption of these substances (Whitmore, 2007). The use of alcohol and drugs are relatively modern social problem, not because society has become aware of itself that the use of these substances lead to social problems and individual problems, but rather, because just today, the "vice" has acquired the physiognomy of "social phenomenon of the twentieth century."
Somehow, we are all involved; we know that there are alcohol and drugs around us. Some accepted economic, social and cultural and other penalized. Often do not have enough knowledge about it, and like everything in life, ignorance leads to error, but the real problem that modern society faces, not the substance itself but the use and abuse of these substances are creating every day millions of addicts around the world (Neuueark, 2007). In this part of the research, we are going to determine different concepts related to substance and drug abuse.
Substance abuse is defined as an excessive use of substances or large enough to affect the relationship of a person with his family and his friends, his ability to work study or fulfill family obligations or to cause legal problems or dangerous behavior. It also involves the use or taking of substances in quantities of increasingly large, the fact of giving the greatest difficulty to obtain the substance, the onset of withdrawal symptoms when you stop taking the substance or the inability to stop or reduce the taking of the substance (Eitle, 2005).
Alcohol abuse differs from alcoholism in that it does not include the desire or compulsion to drink alcohol, loss of control or physical dependence. Some people, who abuse alcohol, drink every day. But others are people parranderas who drink large amounts of alcohol only in certain moments, as in the weekends. And others, drinking heavily for weeks or months, they stop drinking for a short time and then start drinking again (Lindsey, 2010). Alcohol abuse is defined as a pattern of drinking that is accompanied by one or more of the following conditions over a period of 12 months
Failure to meet responsibilities of work, school or home;
Drinking alcohol during activities that are physically dangerous such as operating machinery or driving a car;
Having frequent problems related to alcohol such as being arrested for
Driving under the influence of alcohol or for physically hurting someone while intoxicated (drunk).
Continuing to drink despite constantly having problems relating to others people that are caused or worsened by the effects of alcohol. Some causes of alcohol drug and among adolescents:
Among the factors that explain the high incidence of alcohol drug use among the working population highlights the work environment, the organization ...