Aristotle's Ideas On Civic Relationships-Happiness, The Virtues,Deliveration, Justice, And Friendship

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Aristotle's ideas on Civic Relationships-Happiness, The Virtues,Deliveration, Justice, And Friendship


The main aim of this report is to discuss the Aristotle ideas about the civic relation with happiness, the virtues, deliberation, justice, and friendship. For Aristotle, ethics is a science eminently practical, and in it, the knowledge to action is to be finalized (Woods p. 41). In this sense, radical is the criticism of Plato, who considered ontologically good as Idea supreme and, as such, unattainable by man. The world, according to Aristotle, is unique and eternal, while the universe is a sphere centered on Earth . By accepting the origin of knowledge from the senses, very close to materialism.


According to Aristotle, It was time consuming to repeat everything that Aristotle wrote about the conditions affect anyone striving for the highest good or happiness. In any case, each personal reasons and some goods of his soul - virtues - play a specific role in it. Virtues such as courage, sense, generosity and justice, obtained through proper upbringing and it depends very much on the correct law. Good laws make it possible for most people to cultivate good evidence of their character, and this which in turn directly contributes to the good life. The highest good to which every person tends is happiness. Each, however, understands it in its own way: he who puts in pleasure and enjoyment; who in wealth; honor those who, instead, in the contemplative life. True happiness is something perfect, final date to which attracts all distinct determinations. What is sufficient in itself is that which being alone. It makes life selectable and not in need of nothing; now a thing of this kind we believe that it is happiness. It consists in activity of the rational alternative virtue and, if the virtues are manifold, according to excellent and the perfect. From the happiness survey then moves to virtue (Veatch p. 65). A fundamental distinction is made, part of the human virtues, the virtues dianoetic, which are part of their enlightened soul, and the ethical virtues which correspond to the appetitive soul, as guided by reason.

Taking up the discourse, since all knowledge and every choice aspire to a good, what we say now that, in our opinion, this policy which tends that is, what is the highest of all goods achievable by action. As far as the name of the majority of men is almost in agreement: both the mass and the different people call it happiness, and believe that living well and able to express the same thing that being happy. What happiness is a disagreement, and the mass does not define it the same way sages. In fact, some think it is something visible and conspicuous, as pleasure or wealth or honor, some other thing (Reeve p. 65 ). Indeed, it is often the same man who intends to differently when he is sick, in fact, understands how health as a resource when is poor. Those who are aware of their ignorance admire those who make speeches ...
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