Article Reviews

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Article Reviews

Article Reviews


The main topic of the article is, “Can Instructional and Emotional Support in the First-Grade Classroom make a Difference for Children at Risk of School Failure?”.

Procedures Used To Gather Data

This research will provide some new findings about the topic. We did not have developed hypothesis to verify only, so the study would be based on phenomenological approach. Samples 910 children would be approached to collect first hand data. The research would not rely on a set of theory or a limited perspective in mind to proceed towards a conclusion; instead, the topic would be studied with mind open to all the possibilities. It would explore the subject using primary methodological techniques. The present study uses a longitudinal, national data set to examine relationships among children's temperament, third grade classroom emotional support, and third grade academic achievement.

Thus, the importance of early academic achievement for ongoing academic success is widely accepted. The need to understand influences on early academic achievement is urgent given the established importance of early achievement and the high stakes context of early education. Historically, several factors have been found to be associated with children's early achievement, including temperament and classroom support processes. However, we know less about the ways in which these child and process characteristics work together to predict children's academic outcomes. Thus, the purpose of this study is to examine the interplay of child temperament (attention and activity) before the onset of formal schooling and classroom emotional support in third grade as they relate to children's third grade academic achievement.

Depending on the context, high activity level may be viewed as positive or engaged behavior, such as showing enthusiasm (e.g., jumping up and down in excitement about a present), being energetic (e.g., enjoying physical, rather than sedentary, activity), or being inquisitive. In other contexts and to greater extremes (i.e., very high levels of activity), activity may be viewed as negative, or disregulated behavior, such as being overly excited or unable to sit still. Therefore, context and perspective are important when considering whether high activity is positive or negative. High activity levels in home or playground settings may be viewed positively, but high activity in the classroom may be viewed as disruptive.

Method Of Data Analysis

There are two basic methods used in collecting required data including primary and secondary research. In this connection, primary research refers to cultivating first-hand knowledge with the help of survey, interview, ethnography and participant observation etc while secondary research deals with the already published material. Though, the secondary research will be discussed in detail under separate heading. Here the usability of primary research to be discussed in depth.


This study examined ways in which children's risk of school failure may be moderated by support from teachers. Participants were 910 children in a national prospective study. Children were identified as at risk at ages 5-6 years on the basis of demographic characteristics and the display of multiple functional (behavioral, attention, academic, social) problems reported by their kindergarten ...
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