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In the given paper we will be discussing all about aspirin as in history of aspirin, its uses, diseases it cures, and its side effects. Over a century, aspirin is used in medicine as an antipyretic and analgesic. It depends upon how often we drink mechanically aspirin at a temperature and pain. This inexpensive and very effective drug for sure there is a family in every home medicine cabinet.

Every drug has benefits and side effects at the same time; same is the case with aspirin. Its numerous benefits force us to be limited to some extent in terms of health status, age, usage and side effects (Bosetti, 2003, 672).

History of Aspirin

When question rises about the use of Aspirin, one immediately thinks of migraine, but aspirin is also used to prevent heart attacks, diabetes and cancer. Aspirin is over 100 years as it was introduced in 1899 by the lab Bayer which had launched it on the market. The main ingredient of aspirin is the acetylsalicylic acid, found naturally in certain plants, including willow bark. Today, aspirin is chemically synthesized from phenol C6H5OH. Aspirin is the drug most consumed in the world, because 35 000 tons and 100 billion tablets are produced annually. It is also integrated with many other preparations as we can see that more than 230 drugs sold in France contain aspirin (Menezes, 2006, 251).


Aspirin may have a preventive effect against numerous diseases such as cancer, heart attacks, accidents of pregnancy etc. it is at times considered to be not just a drug but a miracle cure. We have long known that aspirin may already be used for something other than colds or relieve headaches.

The Composition of Aspirin

Aspirin is absorbed by the gastric mucosa or the intestinal wall which is why the medicine works faster. It acts primarily on the COX (cyclo-oxygenase) 1 and 2, which are enzymes that constitute the body. They are used for the synthesis of various substances, including prostaglandin because it was thought initially that it was secreted by the prostate.


Anti-Inflammatory and Analgesic

It also heals the wounds created due to face of aggression such as viruses, burns, trauma etc in which the body secretes prostaglandin. This substance increases the mobility of cells that protect us for example white blood cells, antibodies etc. It lowers the threshold of stimulation of pain receptors and causes redness or fever. By inhibiting the action of COX, aspirin reduces prostaglandin production.

In case of chronic pain such as rheumatism, patients are prescribed an enteric form of aspirin, that is to say that the tablet is coated in a substance resistant to gastric acidity. Aspirin is released gradually, increasing its duration of action (Baselt, 2008, 22).


Endothelial cells which are lining the inside of blood vessels and blood platelets are rich in COX1. This results in the formation of two different enzymes according to the cells. While endothelial cells produce prostacyclin, the anti-aggregating and vasodilator, those of blood platelets secrete instead of thromboxane, the power ...
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