Behavior Theory

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BEHAVIOR THEORY Behavior Theory in Dealing with Your Real Life Changes

Behavior Theory in Dealing with Your Real Life Changes

Piaget's Cognitive Development

Cognitive development is the process by which a child's understanding of the world varies depending on age and experience. Theory of cognitive development seeks to explain the quantity and quality of mental abilities that occur during development. No theory of cognitive development has been more influential than cognitive stages that Piaget presented. Jean Piaget founded the regulation in its current form and his ideas, methods and results are in the shape of a cast for more than half a century. Piaget, Swiss psychologist, philosopher and logician, developed the theory of the formation of intelligence based on in-depth study of children. "Genetic epistemology," Piaget, who was the study of how children and how they develop the concept and cognitive abilities through the human and individual growth. While in Paris, Piaget has developed and administered a lot of reading tests for students and became interested not in their correct answers, but in their incorrect answers. He wanted to explore the process of reasoning that children have. By 1921, he began to publish their research results. In 1929 he joined the University of Geneva as professor of child psychology, and through his experience in Geneva, he became one of the most influential theorists in the field of cognitive development. He remained at the university until his death in 1980.

Piaget saw the child as constantly creating and recreating its own model of reality, achieving mental increase due to the integration of simple concepts in the concept of higher level at every stage. He advocated a "genetic epistemology", which was deadline set by nature to improve the child's ability to think of the child, and he traced four stages of development. I will explain these steps in the following paragraphs. "If we look at the intellectual development of the individual or the whole of humanity, we see that the human spirit goes through a certain number of stages, each different from the others." Jean Piaget.

The first stage, which Piaget came up with, is the sensory-motor stage. This stage occurs from birth to about age two. Babies begin to take the world through their sensory and motor interactions with objects, through looking, hearing, touching, mouthing and exciting. The most important achievement of this stage is that of possibly reaching the steady implementation of the object, which allows the child to be aware of the existence of objects.

The second stage is pre-launch stage. This stage takes place around the age of two to six or seven years. He believes that at this age, children are too young to process or perform mental operations. One limitation of preoperational child is his independent thinking (egocentric), in particular, the tendency of children to take for granted that his journey of faith that is only achievable way. This notion of self-centeredness results in lack of differentiation between themselves and the world, and this in turn leads to an inability to distinguish ...
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