Camille Pissarro

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Camille Pissarro

Camille Pissarro (1830-1903)

Camille Pissarro is an impressionist painter and later neo-impressionist French. He is considered one of the founders of the Impressionist movement. As dean of Impressionism was an important part of moral conscience and artistic guide an important role as artistic guidance of his time.


Pissarro was born July 10 of 1830 on the island of St. Thomas in the Lesser Antilles. Son of Abraham Gabriel Pissarro, a Portuguese Sephardic Jew, and Rachel Manzano Dominican Pomi. In 1847, after completing part of their studies in France, he returned to St. Thomas to help in the trade of their parents. In his spare time was devoted to drawing. Later he left his home because of opposition from their parents to become an artist. He traveled to Caracas in (1852), accompanied by their teacher, the Danish painter Fritz Melbye. There he devoted himself entirely to painting, doing landscapes and scenes.


In 1855, his family moved to Paris and he soon met with her. The most important painters in Paris were then Corot and Courbet and Pissarro had to suffer its influence. By 1866, he joined Manet, Monet, Renoir, Sisley and Guillaumin, group of students influenced by Courbet and whose experiments and discoveries about as different values of chiaroscuro, Impressionism was born.


On November 13 of 1903 died in his apartment in Paris Boulevard Morland. At 73 years, no doubt, with him died one of the great Impressionist painters, while his work, one of the most noble and worthy of the history of art, is always full of life.


From 1868 to 1871 Pissarro lived in Louveciennes, who was in the line of the Prussian advance on Paris, and having the Germans occupied his house, destroyed all his paintings. In the meantime Pissarro had fled to England, settling in London, in Sydenham, who is nearby painted many landscapes. He and Monet were invited to present their works at the Royal Academy, but only as distinguished foreigners, as independent artists in London English were treated precisely as Monet and Pissarro were treated in Paris (Pissarro, 2-9).

Year after year, the Salon refused to exhibit her work, and together with other impressionists, they decided to display them in another location on their own (1874 - 1886). However, before this decision some of his landscapes were accepted at the Salon of 1859, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869 and 1870.

Until 1866, he painted in sober range, in the manner that prevailed among the painters influenced by Corot and Courbet. His works from this period of dark green and gray austere constitute what might be called the way black. His rise gradually to full light and the colors sharp juxtaposition due to the influence of Manet.

Returning to France, settled in Pontoise, where he lived 1872 to 1882. At this time communicated frequently with Vignon and Cezanne, working with them, and acquiring a resplendent color, suggested by Cezanne. Established in Pontoise, ceased to send works to the Salon and in return, exhibited at all exhibitions of independent, actively helping the manifestation of ...
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