Civil Rights Movement

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Non-Violent Protests during the Civil Rights Movement

Table of Contents



Civil Rights Movement4

African Americans5

The case for the necessity of African American struggle6

Rosa Parks7

Success of the Civil Rights Movement7

Malcolm X8

Martin Luther King9

Civil disobedience and the role of King as a minister10


Non-Violent Protests during the Civil Rights Movement


The campaigning movement to liberate African American U.S. citizens from legal and bureaucratic oppression is often called the civil rights movement. The rights for which the movement fought included direct rights to political and legal participation e.g., removal of restrictions on voter registration and discrimination in law courts.

The civil rights movement, a social movement for racial equality with the U.S., the civil rights of Black people, widely held in the 1950's and 1960's and led to the abolition of the practice of racial segregation in the southern states and the U.S. Congress to adopt a number of laws to protect citizens' rights. The movements in United States that were aimed at declaring the racial discrimination against African Americans as illegal referred as African-American Civil Right Movements. These movements were also directed towards restoration of the voting rights in the Southern states.

The Civil Rights Movement achieved the pivotal victory when the racial discrimination in the defense sector declared illegal by FDR. The war increased the pace of African-Americans movement from the rural South to the urban North that resulted in enhanced financial and academic opportunities for many people.


The civil rights movement was a heroic episode in American history that showed African Americans using non-violent peace protests and getting wrongly confronted by whites. Its purpose was to give African Americans the same civil rights that white took for granted. It was a war on many fronts. In 1960 it had reached an impressive judicial and legislative victory against discrimination in public places and voting. It is less complete but still significant progress in the fight against job and housing discrimination. Those that best take advantage of new features have been middle-class blacks, teachers, lawyers, doctors and other professionals who act as role models for black people. Their departure for the previously all-white areas left all-black neighborhoods apart, not only race, but now the class. The civil rights movement achieved greater equality. It brought the reality of Virginia is closer to the promise made by Virginia's Thomas Jefferson when he wrote, "that all men are created equal." Elimination of discrimination in all areas was, and remains, one of the core goals of the movement. And the African American campaign should be understood as generating and working alongside related civil rights campaigns to end discrimination on the basis of gender, sexual orientation, disability, and species membership.

These various civil rights movements, with their overriding aim to secure for all citizens a full and equal status as members of the community, should be distinguished from ant colonial and indigenous groups' campaigns against imperial domination, which aim for political self-determination and from campaigns for wider respect for welfare rights in general.

Civil Rights Movement

During the early 1960s, the civil rights movement ...
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