Cockpit Ergonomics

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Cockpit Ergonomics

Cockpit Ergonomics


Ergonomics is the study of human beings and their interactions with objects and systems in the environment. Its aim is to use knowledge about human abilities and limitations to design and build objects and systems that match human capabilities and limitations, thereby optimizing human well-being and overall system performance.

Ergonomics is everywhere. Questions that relate to ergonomics applied to all transport sectors at all times and in all cultures. Technology has progressed and the scale of human activities has grown such that today, ergonomics, and perhaps more complex than in the past. (Opsvik 2009)


Historically, all manufacturers of aircraft consisted of engineers and pilots who love their work and love together they were doing: the concept, design, production, evaluation, testing, tuning and operation of aircraft. All their efforts were directed at the aircraft manufacturer and the solution of many problems that arise in trying to get the big bird off the ground and in the air. Emphasis, therefore, focuses on the act of creation. In fact, it's proud heritage of the aviation industry - such wonderful stories of development, such rapid and dramatic progress from the simple beginning of wood and canvas and wire for aircraft, which is really wonders of human activity. (Gawron 2000)

But in this early period of aircraft development, relatively little attention was paid to ergonomics than simple questions of ergonomics solutions. Aircraft were not built with a pilot in the first place in the mind, rather it was expected that the pilot had to adapt to the needs of the aircraft. It was more due to the difficulty for the aviation and short-term consequences of the accident. (Campbell 1999)

Organizational ergonomics considers the macroeconomic environment in which systems interact. It includes a concern as the activities organized and the ways in which performance is controlled in a social environment. This could include institutional policies and procedures, issues of motivation and culture and values, especially related to safety and risk, which form the working environment(Corlett 2005). Such considerations extend the issue of usability include the question of admissibility, the new system not only what you need, but it will also do so in a manner that is acceptable to those who must use it?

Some of these organizational changes are associated with changes in technology, the other on changes in the economy or the work meaning. The growth of the place without a job, for example, at the time contributed to the Internet and broadband communications technologies, offers an ergonomic issues such as how to manage information and people working at a distance and how to ensure that health and safety is preserved, but also how to ensure that certain social needs are met and that the organization's culture and values supported for both individual and in the face. In this context, the activities may include activities that are not directly related to performance, but also affect the work being done or as individual managed. Questions of motivation, job satisfaction, and work planning and organizational policies may still ...
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