Cold War

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Cold War

What is Cold War?

Cold War is the term used to designate the political conflict, ideological, and military weapons that pitted the two great powers that were at the forefront of the global race after the Second World War (1939-1945). Being led by the two titanic blocks leading the world was a clash of great extent, in space (occupations and coups in Eastern Europe, wars in China, Vietnam, etc). And time (it was from 1945 until the dissolution of the Soviet bloc in 1991), but was never considered an open war, but rather a tension between economic powers were calculated risk policies failed to explode in a third world war (Bellamy, pp 67).

The Cold War refers to the conflicts around the world after the Second World War, which pitted the West, the US-led largely bloc of democratic and capitalist countries, in respect of the East bloc led by the USSR, mainly communist centrally planned economies. Cold War in Europe, initially focused on 1940 and 1950, then shifted to Asia and beyond in 1960. Prior to the Cuban missile crisis in 1962, the superpowers are directly involved in the conflict, the establishment of several major crises. After 1962, which avoided a direct confrontation, instead of competing through proxy servers, the third world? Constant threat of deliberate or accidental nuclear war hangs over the world since the 1950's, paradoxically, stabilization of fighting the Cold War.

The effects of Cold War, related to US intervention in the Latin American regions, were not specific as the behavior of US governments towards controlling its ideological interests was the same before the Cold War. The Cold War just gave a new ideology to the US authorities to intervene the Latin countries. It was aimed to provide a democratic and communist status to all the nations. As the Latin nations were socialist, the US military, CIA, and certain European nations, intervened the Latin nations in order to remove the unfriendly governments and implement the democratic and communist system to the region.

There are three main phases of Cold War:

A high voltage (1947-1935) with two keys: Berlin (1947) and Korea (1950-53).

The end of nuclear monopoly by the United States. A peaceful coexistence with some conflicts Cuban Missile (1962) and Vietnam (1968-1975).

The rise of Reagan to the presidency of the United States brought the last outbreak of the Cold War. The rise of Gorbachev (1985) and the dissolution of the Soviet bloc meant the end of the Cold War.

Causes of Cold War

Ideological differences and the exchange of charges.

The spread of communism in Eastern Europe and Southeast Asia.

The emergence of Communist parties in the Western Europe of capitalism.

The emergence of a global class struggle between the people.

Equality of power between the Soviet Union and the United States of America.

For the Soviet Union on the territorial gains after World War II.

Psychology of mistrust: The Cold War was chained to the Second World War. The inability of nations to cooperate and agreed on policies, just after the Second World ...
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