Collective Bargaining

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Collective Bargaining

Collective Bargaining

Collective bargaining is one that is between the workers of an enterprise or industry, usually (but not always) raised through a union or group of unions and representatives of the company or companies. The purpose of negotiation is to reach agreement on working conditions applicable to the generality of workers in the area where the negotiation is limited ( contract or collective bargaining agreement ).Negotiation may cover all aspects of employment ( wages , hours , breaks, holidays , leave, working conditions, professional training, system redundancies , definition of occupational categories, promotions, etc) and determine rules for the relationship between unions and employers (represented in the workplace, information and consultation , billboard association, licenses and permits for union leaders, conflict resolution, etc.).

Advantages and disadvantages of collective bargaining

Collective bargaining has advantages for workers and employers. For workers, collective bargaining, wages and ensures proper working conditions for grants to "all" workers "one voice", which benefits them only when the employment relationship refers to a single individual. Also influence personal decisions and achieve an equitable distribution of the benefits of technological progress and increased productivity. For employers, as is an element that helps to maintain social peace, promotes stability of employment relationships can be disrupted by unresolved tensions in the workplace. Through collective bargaining employers may also address the adjustments that require the modernization and restructuring. Contrary to what is commonly thought, according to a study conducted in the framework of the ILO in many countries collective bargaining has been one of the main roads have helped to achieve consensus on flexibility labor markets.

Collective agreement allows you to manage labor relations in a consistent and systematic manner. It helps to find a compromise, an open discussion of opposing points of view. In addition, negotiations with trade unions are an effective way to determine the level of pay and working conditions, as well as the inevitable resolution of labor disputes. If each worker independently negotiates the amount of payment of their labor, employee Administration Company would have to spend on these individual negotiations a lot of time. And since the wages per worker would differ from the wages of other workers, would create frequent disputes between employees, rivalries, jealousies, friction and complaint. Collective bargaining agreements with the unions usually unconditionally accepted by all members of the union and remain in force until the next annual round of negotiations.

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