Comparative Paper Of Ancient Greek, Roman, And Chinese Economies

Read Complete Research Material

Comparative Paper Of Ancient Greek, Roman, And Chinese Economies

Comparison of the economies of Ancient Greece, Rome, and China

Ancient Greece

The term Ancient Greece refers to the period of the history of Greece that extends from the Dark Ages of Greece ca. 1200 AD, and the Dorian invasion, to the year 750 BC.

Major Industry

The agriculture was the mainstay of the economy of ancient Greece. Since ancient times, Greek agriculture was based on the three basic types of Mediterranean plantations, cereals, olive trees and vineyards. The low fertility of the land is, therefore, which explains the beginning of the creation of Greek colonies and the importance of Asia Minor in the control of wheat (Bauer, p. 73-77).

Urban Development

Urban Development of the Greek culture took place during the periods of, Minoan, Mycenaean and Classical. The influence of Greek civilization through history, it is huge, the structure of urban areas has been strongly conditioned by the creation of the Greek urban neighborhoods, not just in regard to the townscape, but in all the artistic political, philosophical and cultural. According to the subject matter hereof, divide, this story is divided into three periods: the Minoan, Mycenaean, and Classical (Bauer, p. 73-77).

Domestic Trade

The information we have on retail activity in Greece is low. The workers and craftsmen used to sell their own products, although there were also known as kápêloi retailers. They were gathered in guilds and engaged in the sale of fish, olive oil and vegetables. Women used to sell perfume and decorative ties. They paid a tax for the space they occupied in the market and were often not well regarded by the majority of the population, often being subjected to cheat with the measures (Bauer, p. 73-77).

International Trade

Very early in the history of Greece, its geographical position and the need to import grain to its population forced to engage in maritime trade. The geographic areas in which the Greeks were in need of wheat were Cyrenaica, Egypt, Italy (especially the area of Magna Grecia and the island of Sicily) and the regions surrounding the Black Sea. Athens and Corinth served as way stations of trade to the islands of the Aegean Sea. Besides grain, products like papyrus, spices, manufactured goods, metals and shipbuilding materials as wood, flax or resin were also imported. Moreover, the Greek cities exported wine, pottery and olive oil. Athens sold the marble that extracted from the mountain of Penteli, which had a great reputation in the Greek world, as well as coins of silver, known for its elegant coinage and the quality of the alloy (Bauer, p. 73-77).


The minting of coins began in Lydia around the year 600 BC. The first coins were created that were circulated in the cities of Asia Minor under their control. The technique of coinage came to Greece around the year 550 AD, beginning with coastal commercial cities like Aegina and Athens. Its use spread quickly and the city states to regulate a monopoly for creating them (Bauer, p. 73-77).

The direct tax was not well developed ...
Related Ads