Comparison Of Chaim Perelman Vs Petrus Ramus Rhetoric Philosophies

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Comparison of Chaim Perelman vs Petrus Ramus Rhetoric Philosophies

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Comparison of Chaim Perelman vs Petrus Ramus Rhetoric Philosophies


The principles of rhetoric were developed in classical Greece and Rome and enshrined in the educational curriculum of the middle Ages. The subject of rhetoric was divided into five parts: Invention, Arrangement, Style, Memory, and Delivery. The category "memory" should remind us that the term applied largely to the art of oratory. With the invention of the printing press in the Renaissance, and the subsequent development of wide-scale literacy, rhetorical principles were applied to writing.

Aristotle laid the foundation of rhetorical study. His Rhetoric established the three essential categories of proof: the appeal to reason (logos), the appeal to emotion (pathos), and the ethical appeal, exemplified in the character of the orator (ethos) (Law,2007). Classical rhetoricians were Cicero, who broadened the scope of rhetorical study to embrace a wide range of knowledge, and Quintilian, who insisted that the rhetorician must be a person of strong moral character. In the fourth century, St. Augustine adopted rhetorical theory to emphasize its instructional as well as its persuasive function, the "rhetoric of the sermon."

In the Renaissance the most influential figure in rhetoric was Erasmus, whose textbooks dominated rhetorical education for two hundred years (Williams,2000). The other significant figure of the era was Peter Ramus, a French scholar who argued that the categories of Invention and Arrangement should be taught as subdivisions of Logic, thus reducing the significance of rhetorical study. The Ramist doctrine helped contribute to the decline of rhetoric's prestige in favor of scientific (allegedly a-rhetorical) discourse. The understanding o f the rhetoric of philosophies is imperative as they justify and negate Aristotle's view of rhetoric. For example, Ramus's philosophy challenges. Ramus arguments against the Quintilian wither the rhetoric. Putting his most damaging attack first, he believes that the orator needs to be morally sound has nothing to do with the rhetoric (Murphy,1995).

The name of rhetoric does not apply to something that can be defined or delimited, but Rhetoric is a place, and a kind of home that brings in different stories about a playground where everyone plays their game (Gross,2003). And the major philosophy of both Ramus and Perelman are based on this same notion despite differences.

Comparison of Chaim Perelman and Petrus Ramus Rhetoric Philosophies

Ramus's Rhetoric Philosophies

Ramus was a French humanist philosopher and logician, well-known for his unorthodox and controversial revisions of Aristotle's theories. Ramus's Criticisms of the Aristotelian Dialectic, published in 1543, was harshly criticized by academics and eventually condemned by the French parliament, and he was forbidden to teach or write for a time. In 1547 Cardinal Charles de Lorraine successfully appealed to France's new king, Henry II, to allow Ramus to resume his teaching career, and in 1551 Ramus was appointed Regius professor of philosophy and eloquence at the College de France (Rebhorn,2000).

Ramus's thinking had an important influence on the study of rhetoric down to the present day. He was intent on simplifying distinctions among various academic subjects ...
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