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Cubism can be described as a modern art movement where the forms are abstracted through the use of analytical approach regarding the object and painting the fundamental geometric solid of the subject. Cubism can be said as a kind of a reaction to the impressionist period in which, colour and light were very much emphasized on. It was Paul Cezanne who stated that all the things that are there in the nature, take their form from the cane, sphere and the cylinder. Cubism itself follows this statement only, by using these three shapes to give the picture of the object to be painted.

The other manner in which the cubists went on to express their paintings was by presenting different views of an object that would be arranged in such a manner that we would not get to see in actual life. The period of cubism started in Paris, in the year 1908. It reached its peak in the year 1914 and continued well into the 1920s. Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso were the leaders of the era of cubism. The names of other painters from that period include Francis Picabia, Fernand Leger and Roger De La Fresnaye. (Rosenblum. 1990)

The concept that art should be a copy of the nature was clearly rejected by the cubist painters. They also did not accept the adaptation of the traditional techniques of modelling, perspective and foreshortening. Instead, they wanted to give more emphasis to the two dimensionality of the canvas. As a result of this, they reduced and fractured the subjects to geometric forms and then realigned these into one dimensional relief like space. These painters also made use of the contrasting or multiple vantage points.


Cubism is considered as a kind of art in which, when we stand at a specific point on a mountain and then look around us, we see a specific picture of our surroundings. But when we climb higher and then again look around, our surroundings will look very different to us. If we again go lower to our previous point, the surroundings will look the same as when we previously stood at the same point. The whole concept of cubism is just a point of view.

There is a very powerful relationship between the vision of humans and cubism itself. The roles of our eyes is to shift and then scan and observe the object and what our mind does is that it combines all of these elements into a whole.

Cubism is considered as the most innovative, radical and influential ism of the twentieth century of art. It is a complete contrast of the classical conception of beauty. What cubism does is that it distrusts the whole images that the retina perceives and then considers these images as conventional and artificial, on the basis of the impact of the past art. Cubism discards these images and defines that perspective space is just a rational invention, an illusory or just a sign system that is hereditary from works of art since the ...
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