How does the portrayal of the human figure change?
The boom that saw the sculpture in ancient Greece and the position continued to hold the centuries that followed was not appropriate then. The predominance of Christianity led to gradual deterioration and decorative role. In the Byzantine years survived in folk art in wood carvings, and stone reliefs metalloglyfa.
The reappearance of sculpture as an autonomous art and the release of the minor decorative role in early 19th century in the Ionian Islands, the Corfiot sculptor Paul Prosalentis the Elder (1784-1837). The Prosalentis was the first scholar Modern Greek sculptor and founder, in 1811, the first Art School in the Greek area. His work reflects the lessons learned classicist of the Academy of Saint Luke in Rome and the great classicist sculptor Antonio Kenova (1757-1822), while the subject matter, which includes statues and busts, and some compositions inspired by mythology, meets requirements anglokratoumenis Corfiot society (North, Pp.250-255). The bust of Plato (1815, today the National Gallery), the first dated sculpture of modern Greece, is a typical example of the spirit in which he moved. Together with his friend and partner Dimitrios Trivoli-Pierre (1785-1808) and his student John Baptist Kalosgouro (1794-1878) are the three representatives of the Ionian School in sculpture, but remained independent of the rest of Greece and not was then as the appearance of Cephalonia Bonanos George (1863-1940).
What sorts of things do you notice about the subject matter and the portrayal of people in these sculptures?
The study of the subject and its meaning, which naturally affects all the arts is "figure" and therefore as a sculptor, has created an extensive bibliography. Iconography and iconology are the branches of this knowledge that was developed especially in the Warburg Institute in London, driven by Erwin Panofsky, represents a major contribution to the knowledge of the arts.
The iconography has the mission to study the repertoire of typical configurations and their meanings. The history of "issues" is essential because you cannot get the "meaning" without first being identified. The topics are very diverse, but can be classified into two groups: Church and State. All religions have caused a great development of the sculpture, although none has been as fruitful as a Christian. The Old and New Testaments are full of episodes that have become subjects of the artists. The image can be an object of worship, the purpose of worship, or be an element of reference, descriptive, to promote the devotion. There are images painted and carved, and the latter representation is preferred in complete bust (Sicca, Pp.45-65.).
The mythology was in Greece and Rome a religion, but from the Middle Ages is merely artistic image. The gods take part in scenes of recreation and also to express the idea of power. In the civil field, the sculpture has served purposes ranging from political to recreational. Rome spread sculptures and reliefs with the image of the ruler, guarantee of efficiency and pride of the empire. It was an art in the service of politics. With the Renaissance, sculpture, as a manifestation ...