Culture And Learning Language

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Culture and Learning Language


Chapter one:Language and culture

Definition of culture and language

Culture is the set of all forms, models or patterns, explicit or implicit, through which a society manifested. As such it includes customs, practices, codes, standards and rules of how to be, clothing, religion, rituals, norms of behavior and belief systems. From another point of view we can say that culture is all the information and skills that humans possess. The concept of culture is fundamental to the disciplines that are responsible for the study of society, especially for psychology, anthropology and sociology. Culture is the set of symbols (such as values, norms, attitudes, beliefs, languages, customs, rituals, habits, skills, education, morals, art, etc.) And objects (such as clothing, housing, goods, works of the art, tools, etc.) that learned, shared and transmitted from generation to generation by members of a society, therefore, are a determining factor, regulate and shape human behavior. (Wierzbecka, 1997)

Language has a clear cultural identity: language is regular; language is uniquely human; languages learned, rather than genetic inheritance; also the history of language and race there is a direct contact. However, regarding the language and culture in the end what is the relationship between the still inconclusive. It formed with the human form, but also with the development of the humane society to develop, and change. If the point of view from Small Culture, language and culture are simultaneously occurring, there is no culture without language; language is a cultural prerequisite for the formation and development, cultural development also contributed to the language of rich and perfect. No matter what angle of view, we have found such a fact: the human language is the language of human society and culture, with the humane society; human culture has many close relationships. (Tannen, 1991)

History of the relationship between language and culture

Language is the most important carrier of culture. It is the most important carriers, relative to other carriers concerned. Language is a comprehensive store of information culture as a whole. Language of voice, vocabulary, grammar composed of three elements. The main task is to load from the cultural vocabulary, especially vocabulary content words bear. Speech and grammar are ultra-era. The definition is to determine the crystallization of cultural awareness. Since ancient times, many linguists have tried many ways to explore the language, thus forming a multi-lingual school. To sum up, it divided into two leading branches of modern linguistics: philological tradition (Philological Tradition) and anthropological traditions (Anthropological Tradition). 19th-century linguist working as an independent study of modern linguistics laid the foundation for later development of structuralism Leonard Bloomfield and Noam Chomsky's transformational generative grammar. Successor to this tradition emphasize the natural properties of language, the language as a closed, independent system, the linguistics as an across the humanities and natural sciences independent interdisciplinary. (Tannen, 1980)

Anthropology refers to the use of traditional anthropological methods to study the text is not the traditional writing system and language of social groups. Since the early 20th century, the United States since Franz Boas and Edward Sapir, the language of human linguists have emphasized the social attributes that language and ...
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