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Evidence-Based Practice and Social Work Practice


Over the past decade, there has been an increasing recognition that social work should be evidence based. The potential contribution of evidence-based practice (EBP) to the effectiveness, efficiency, and accountability of social work education and practice has been emphasized (Gambrill, 1999, 2007; Gellis & Reid, 2004; Gilgun 2005;Thyer, 2004). This article reflects on reasons, preconditions, and effects of adopting EBP in social work. These issues are important but are rarely examined. We find that the proponents of EBP in social work are conservative toward the problem that research evidence is not used by practitioners. They neglect the preconditions for implementing EBP and are not sensitive to the negative effects of adopting EBP in social work. (Casde,, 2007, 191-211)

Meaning And Performance Of EBP In Social Work

In periods of the significance of EBP, numerous scholars in communal work (for demonstration, Gambrill, 1999; Gibbs & Gambrill, 2002; Gilgun, 2005;Thyer, 2004) pursue the delineation of evidence-based surgery, for example "the integration of best study clues with clinical know-how and persevering values" (Sackett, Straus, Richardson, Rosenberg, & Haynes, 2000, p. 1). Regarding the presentation of EBP, five steps of evidence-based surgery formulated by Sackett et al. (2000) are furthermore pursued by communal work scholars (for demonstration, Gibbs & Gambrill, 2002;Thyer, 2004). The five steps are as follows: first, to covert one's require for data into an answerable question; second, to seek the best clues to response that question; third, to critically assess that evidence; fourth, to incorporate the critical evaluation of study clues with one's clinical know-how and with the patient's exclusive biological research, standards, and circumstances; and fifth, to assess one's own effectiveness and effectiveness in undertaking the previous steps and to strive for self-improvement.


Reasons to Advocate EBP in Social Work

A reconsider of publications on EBP in communal work discloses two basic causes for academics to support EBP in communal work. According to Gibbs and Gambrill (2002), Rosen (2003), and Crisp (2004), one conspicuous causes to support EBP in communal work is that communal employees in service bureaus have seldom directed study clues to their practice. These academics all founded their contentions on investigations by Kirk and Rosenblatt (1981), Roseti (1994), and Rosen, Proctor, Morrow-Howell, and Staudt (1995) , in which the outcome revealed that communal employees seldom use and worth study clues in their conclusion producing for interventions and other practices. Another cause is that EBP is accepted to be adept to encourage the utilization of study outcome in communal work learning and practice. For demonstration, to support EBP in communal work learning, Howard, McMillen, and Pollio (2003) emphasised the significance of empirical study to productive communal work practice; they contended that technical outcome should direct the assortment and submission of communal work perform and that communal employees should stay present with a increasing technical database.



EBP has promise advantages to communal work. First, communal work has been obsessed with expert rank (O'Neill, 1999). The focus of study clues in EBP communal work can enhance the integrity of ...
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