Effects Of Environmental Factors On Paper Industry

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Effects of Environmental Factors on Paper Industry

Effects of Environmental Factors on Paper Industry

History of Paper

The impact of environmental factors on Paper Industry is quite high. First of all the importance of the paper industry would be discussed. Paper was invented by the Chinese, perhaps as early as the Han dynasty, and its uses have been growing ever since. It is a very versatile and renewable product that is usually made from wood. The modern paper industry consumes large volumes of trees that are cut for the purpose of manufacturing paper. The largest timber companies practice sustainable forestry operations that allow them to plant, grow, and then harvest trees on tree farms for the sole purpose of producing wood pulp for paper mills. They also partner with private landowners who plant trees, especially fast-growing pine trees, which are grown and cut for pulp. In the United States, large portions of the national forests are also logged for timber; a large portion of which becomes pulp. The making of the paper is an energy-intensive operation. It also requires large quantities of water. Although most paper is made from wood pulp, it can also be made from rags or grasses. Mechanized paper production began in the 19th century. It is now a major industry because of the huge demand for paper as writing or printing material and for the capacity it has to be used in many other products. (Ackerman, 1997, pp.12-23)

Paper as a writing material is universally available today. Offices around the world use it. Places where it is used also range from a child's book bag or a college student's desk to the largest commercial or government offices in the world. Paper is used for handwritten or printed materials, which are produced by computer printers, copiers, or the printing industry, including the publishing industry. Green paper produced from sustainable forests and paper products made from recycled paper are becoming more widely available. In many countries, there are schemes and programs to promote the reuse and recycling of paper arising from business and household consumption. Writing paper is manufactured in large quantities as envelopes, ruled notebook paper, and copier paper and is used in publishing by printers. Huge volumes of paper are consumed for writing messages, letters, or reports among other productions. The development of computers was supposed to create “paperless” offices. In reality, this has not happened because electronic storage has been found to be imperfect. Systems “crash” and other problems occur, so a paper backup is a safe strategy for preserving valuable data. In addition, many people prefer to use a printed copy of a long work such as a book, rather than read it on a computer screen. (Andersen, 1997, pp.143-158)

Different Values of a Paper

Grades of paper can be very inexpensive or high-quality bond paper with cotton content. In addition, money is often printed on a very-high-quality paper with silk as part of its content ...
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