Effects Of World War One And World War Two On The International System

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Compare and contrast the effects of World War One and World War Two on the international system.

Compare and contrast the effects of World War One and World War Two on the international system.

The First World War was conducted across Europe, European colonies and adjacent seas between 1 August 1914 and 11 November 1918. Contemporaries called it the Great War because it was literally more than any waged before: more than 59 million people were mobilized, more than 8 million people were killed and more than 29 million were wounded in the fighting, which has drastically changed the political, economic, social and cultural Europe. "Waves" was felt throughout the world as the country with each (non-polar) of the continent entered the war. (Booth 2007 p.176)

Economic and political consequences were so great that the First World War marked the beginning of the modern era. Book after book will basically make the same point: that the European countries have destroyed each other through their capital in the new America, the process continued during the Second World War. Centuries of the Russian empire was destroyed and replaced by a socialist, the Stalinist system that led to the deaths of millions of people. Austro-Hungarian Empire, the surviving relics of the centuries old Holy Roman Empire ceased to exist as a relatively new German Empire and the map of Eastern Europe and the Middle East were redrawn in a manner that is still a cause of conflict. (Morgenthau 2009 P.19)

Socialism has erupted as a major political force, thanks to the Russian revolution, and imperialism began to fall out of fashion. Perhaps more surprisingly strong desire to avoid more conflict and loss - to make it a "War To End All Wars" - has arisen, which has prompted many countries to try to resolve international disputes through the League of Nations, predecessor of the United Nations. (Morgenthau 2008 p.7)

Society of each warring European nation has changed: in the UK class system has changed, as lower-class consciousness developed in France, a generation of men has been lost, and in Eastern Europe, people were in the new youth States and Germany has done forging, non-imperial identity. War too has changed, as lessons in the industrial era were used for weapons, but not, initially, to tactics. Machine guns, tanks, aircraft and chemical weapons have been refined and used with deadly effect. (Booth 2008 P.19)

Unlike the Second World War, the causes of World War II is not so obvious. Although they are not so obvious, there are still many reasons that lead to war. Historians say the war was creating for some time before 1914. Economic and imperial competition and fear of war prompted military alliances and arms dispute that was exacerbated pressure contributes to the outbreak of war. (Hollander 2009 p.12 )

Some of the reasons may be explained more in political terms. "Since the end of the Franco-Prussian War of undisclosed alliances developed in ...
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