Fossil fuel is the fuel is used for the production of fossil energy. And fossil fuel extracted from fossil materials such as coal shale, coal-black oil, natural gas, and petroleum. This material is extracted in turn from the earth and burn up in the air with oxygen to produce heat used in all fields. Fossil fuel composition depends on the carbon cycle in nature, and this energy is stored (solar) over the ancient times as the use of this energy. According to global estimates will cover the fossil resources in 2030 about 90% of the global need for energy. In 2005 the ratio was 81%. The biomass is extracted from wood and organic waste is different. The industrial revolution in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries coincided with the use of fossil energy in the technical field, particularly the coal at that time. In the present day, playing of crude oil a larger role in meeting energy needs is due to the ease of extraction and processing, and transportation, making it the most ascetic price (Broecker et.al, 1979).
Various kinds of coal are formed by carbon, oxygen, hydrogen and nitrogen, and other elements such as sulfur. In the successive stages of formation of different types of coal, the carbon content was increased at the expense of the other components, from the initial 50% peat (the oldest) to almost 95% can have some types of coal. Any compound containing more than 95% carbon can be considered pure carbon or graphite, and will only burn at very high temperatures, therefore, not have application as domestic fuel. As a result of the dry distillation, or heating in the absence of air, coal, there arises a residue; the coke is also very useful as fuel and reducing agent. Derivatives can also be generated by the hydrogenation of coal, i.e. the treatment of powdered coal with hydrogen gas at high temperatures and pressures to obtain a type of oil is again subjected to a hydro-treating process, as a result of which is converted into gasoline and diesel, and produces, in addition, ammonia and a large amount of light hydrocarbons (Ball && Turner, 1965).
Oil and Natural Gas
Organic and dead creatures settled in the bottom of the ocean amid a layer of sediment that enters the air without them. The ground covered in layers, until formed on top of this organic material over the years ...