Environmental Policy And Regulation

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Environmental Policy and Regulation

Environmental Policy and Regulation


International environmental law is a set of principles and norms of international law that governs the relations of the subjects in the field of environmental protection and sustainable use of its resources. Policies are the set of objectives, principles, criteria and general guidelines for the protection of the environment of a particular society. Policies can be aimed at protection of a particular ecosystem topic, the strength- to the capacity of the actors who propose it, or compensate for its weak position compared to other actors.

They may also be directed to contextual factors influence as improving the conditions for the generation and social appropriation information, the transformation of political and institutional conditions (Wallace 1996 99). The other factors are socioeconomic conditions (e.g. the transformation of patterns of use of natural resources, or patterns of con- consumption, or possession of the land) and the technological conditions (e.g. development of new clean technologies, and innovations in technology end of the tube). Policies with its objectives, principles, criteria and general guidelines impulse new processes and technologies beneficial to the environment and develop new relationships with nature. Term "environmental law" prefers only because of its universal use.


Scope and purpose

Nowadays, the international protection of the environment comes to the fore. The consequences of inadequate attention to the problem could be catastrophic. It is not only about the welfare of mankind, but also about their survival (Sohn Koellhoffer 2006 90). Particularly the most disturbing thing is that environmental degradation may be irreversible. Water pollution from the ocean is detrimental to human health and fish stocks. Inter-regional projects to build dams, dams, canals, drainage of wetlands leads to degradation of the world's farmland, drought and soil erosion in many countries around the world. Air pollution causes more significant damage to human health on the planet. The massive destruction of forests affects the global climate and reduces biodiversity, gene pool. Serious public health threat is the depletion of the ozone layer that protects from harmful solar radiation.

To catastrophic changes in Earth's climate is the "greenhouse effect" that is global warming due to increasing emissions of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Irrational use of mineral and living resources leads to exhaustion, which again raises the problem of human survival. Finally, accidents in enterprises related to releases of radioactive and toxic substances into the atmosphere, not to mention the testing of nuclear weapons cause enormous damage to human health and nature. Suffice it to recall the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. Extensive damage to the environment brought armed conflict, as evidenced by the experience of war in Vietnam, Cambodia, Yugoslavia, the Persian Gulf, in particular the war, in Iraq.

The position of States in respect of the international protection of the environment is different. In developing countries, environmental problems may compromise the success of the development process, and the means to change the situation are not available. In most developed countries, the current system of consumption leads to ...
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