European Colonization

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European Colonization

Table of Contents

Analysis of Origins and Development of Slavery in Britain's North American Colonies in the Period 1607 to 17763

Thesis Statement3

Influence of Puritans on the Political, Economic, and Social Development of the New England Colonies5

British Imperial Policies between 1763 and 1776 Intensifying Colonials' Resistance to British Rule7

Experiences of Irish & German Immigrants during the Period 1830 - 18608


European Colonization

Analysis of Origins and Development of Slavery in Britain's North American Colonies in the Period 1607 to 1776

Thesis Statement

Dutch merchants introduced slavery to the southern American colonies after failure of earlier efforts to enslave Native Americans. Extensive labor was required by the plantation economy of the south and African slaves bore out more cost-effectively sound as compared to the earlier system of indentured servitude. The plantation owners became more reliant upon slave labor with the expansion of southern plantation economy to include rice, indigo, and ultimately cotton.

The English set out exploration of the New World, just before the Spanish Armada was defeated by them. In 1585, the first English settlement was established in the New World by an expedition prearranged by Walter Raleigh, on Roanoke Island, North Carolina. However the colony ran out to flourish and by English supply ships, the colonists were taken back the subsequent year. Again in 1587, a group of colonists was sent out by Raleigh to Roanoke.

While in the beginning, the attempt at colonization on Roanoke Island had failed, the British founded their first permanent colony in America in 1607, in Jamestown, Virginia, at the mouth of the James River, which sequentially evacuates into Chesapeake Bay. The desire to get hold of valuable metal resources, particularly gold drove the settlement of Chesapeake Bay. Though, within Spanish territorial claims, the colony was settled technically, however far-off enough from the majority Spanish settlements to prevent colonial disagreements. The region, as the "Anchor of the South", encompasses the Delmarva Peninsula and area of coastal Virginia, Maryland, Georgia, and North & South Carolina to a large extent. (Books M. H, 2011)

It became apparent in the earlier times of history of the colony, that the gold deposits claims were immensely overstated. From the time of landing in 1607 til1609, the years were plethoric with dearth and instability, termed as the Jamestown colony's “Starving Time”. Nonetheless, Native American support, besides back up from Britain, maintained the colony.

In 1612, the first tobacco plants were planted by the Jamestown colonists. To work in the tobacco fields, 20 Africans were brought by a Dutch ship in 1619. These Africans were indentured servants. Approximately 3,000 Africans, by 1670, had been taken to Virginia. In 1641, the first slavery law in colonies would be getting underway by Massachusetts for enslaving native population. The Southern legislatures, by the early 1700s, got down to pass rulings confining the rights of Africans. Africans were considered by Southerners as their property. Life expectancy was often low in this period, and indentured servants arrived from overpopulated areas of Europe. It was often found by planters much more economical to use servants, ...
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