Examining Violence in the African American Community: Culture, Conditions and Conflict Resolution Theories
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The contemporary American society is regularly fed news, documentaries and movies that report violent behavior among African-Americans. The primary goal of this paper is to offer prevention, policy, and research agendas based on the structural-cultural perspective. Our study aims to find out the cause for such behavior from a social, cultural and structural perspective. The study also aims to find out the strategies that could be effective for adequate conflict resolution in the long run. There needs to be a pragmatic and multi-disciplinary approach for conflict resolution. Community needs to advance the cause with important moral and financial support. An effective program that focuses on conflict resolution needs to be formed. Self-esteem and confidence need to be inculcated in the society. Rigorous efforts needs to be maintained for the adolescents since they are most-prone to violence and are passing a very critical stage in their life. Prejudice and racial discrimination needs to put to an end. Hate crimes must be dealt severely. The rate of African-American inclusion in the society is not due to any genetically-triggered factor. It is more or less an outcome of the conditions that characterize the existence of most African-Americans in the American society. For this, the two main reasons are poverty and unemployment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Background of the Research1
Quest for Self-Definition5
Aims of the Study9
II: LITERATURE REVIEW12
The Subculture of Violence Theory12
The Structural - Cultural Explanation of Causation17
Cultural Explanations of Violence25
Early Cultural Explanations25
The Research Process32
Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria35
Additional Online Searches35
Critical Appraisal Tool36
V.PREVENTION, POLICY AND RESEARCH48
Cultural Differences in Conflict Resolution48
Role of Education50
Background of the Research
According to Barnett (1997), violence is termed as a major epidemic and a fast growing concern for the authorities of the United States. Various studies in the past have shown that violence is more common in the African American communities than in any other race. This particular racial group has always been associated with violence-related crimes. However, what is leading towards such repetitive group behavior needs to be studied properly and the historical basis for such a situation needs to be carefully reviewed.
African Americans have been overlooked in the past and have been the victims of many social injustices like feeling of isolation, and inadequate education that subsequently leaded towards poverty and later crime. Poverty has been transferred from one generation to another; leading to the formation of an underprivileged and underrepresented socioeconomic class. This transference of poverty and crime has facilitated ...