Family Systems Approaches

Read Complete Research Material


Family Systems Approaches

Family Systems Approaches

Systematic approach in psychotherapy is defined focus on partnership, family, marital, group as independent organisms, integrated systems with its own history, internal laws and dynamics, stages of development, values, etc. Therapy in the framework of this approach comes from the fact that dysfunctional system of relations defines dysadaptation its participants. The therapist takes a position, the observer or player-coach. Systemic Therapist sufficiently prescriptive: he asks questions, observes and controls the communication structures of participants, dramatizes the relationship, and simulates the conflict, gives homework, etc. Go to therapy, focused on a systematic approach, as experts say, include areas such as narrative therapy, solution-oriented brief therapy, process systemic counseling organizations. However, from a systems perspective, we consider it is family therapy (Kaminski, 2008).

With more traditional family therapy compared with the systematic approach, are psychoanalytic, behavioral and humanist approaches that have emerged at the junction of family therapy and major theoretical trends in modern psychology. Nevertheless, a systematic approach is a basic conceptual direction in contemporary family therapy. This approach emerged after the Second World War, it developed in close cooperation with cybernetics, and this is its essential difference from other psychotherapeutic approaches. The person in this approach is not subject to influence and the client. Customer is a whole family, the whole family system. That's it - the object of the psychotherapeutic influence.

Family system

A group of people bound by a common residence, shared management, and most importantly - relationships. What's happening in the family often does not depend on the intentions and desires of people belonging to this family system, because family life is regulated by properties of the system as such. This psychotherapeutic approach argues that the intentions and actions of people are secondary and subject to the laws and rules of functioning of the family system. History of development of systemic family therapy shows that this area of practice did not develop the way most of psychotherapeutic schools and approaches. Many psychotherapeutic approaches described cases of work with couples or parent-child conflict. 'Guidelines for family counseling and psychotherapy described cases of working with families, when many other psychotherapeutic schools: Transactional Analysis, Gestalt, client-centered approach, and rational emotive Adlerianskaya psychotherapy, behavioral therapy and NLP.

At the same time, the development of systemic family therapy is not associated with the development of individual psychotherapy. Family system is an open system; it is in constant interchange with the environment. Family system is a self-organizing system, ie behavior of the system as appropriate, and the source of change lies within the system to itself (Kumpfer, 2008). On this basis it is understandable that people who make up a family, act one way or another under the influence of rules for the functioning of the family system and not influenced by their needs and motivations. System is primary in relation to of its elements. It is clear that the object of psychotherapeutic influence is the entire family system as a whole, rather than an individual, an element of the ...
Related Ads