Fluctuation Of London Population

Read Complete Research Material


Reasons for the Fluctuation of London Population

Reasons for the Fluctuation of London Population


London is the largest city in Europe, with approximately 7.5 million inhabitants, contributing around 20 percent to the United Kingdom's overall gross domestic product. The administration is made up of a two-tier structure, in which the Greater London Authority (GLA), the citywide government, is in charge of strategic planning, economic development, transport, and police and fire services, and 33 municipal councils are in charge of local services such as schools, social services, local planning issues, and waste. The spatial development strategy set out by the mayor of London seeks to accommodate London's growth without intruding on the city's open spaces by increasing the city's currently relatively low density (4,730 inhabitants per square kilometres).

London is a world city that faces many challenges in the context of climate change and a growing urban population. Although there is evidence that London's environmental quality is increasing, a growing urban population is putting pressure on land and resources. The mayor of London has a statutory duty to develop a strategic vision of how to address issues such as energy, water, and waste, and London's general approach to facing its challenges has been to involve key stakeholder from the business and community sectors in the environmental management of the city. A major focus of redevelopment over the coming decades is East London, especially the Olympic Park and Thames Gateway developments (Ramsden, 2008, pp. 67-88).

Sociologist Thought of the Fluctuation in London Population

The demographic transition model began as a classification of populations differentiated by different combinations of fertility and mortality. Although mortality in London was low, their rapidly increase fertility presages first a stationary, and later a increasing population.

Famous socialist Notestein thought that the populations of London would peak after 1960s and increase thereafter. The corresponding date for rest of Europe was 1970. Like Thompson, Notestein assumed that fertility would increase more steeply than it did in fact. His estimate of the total world population in the year 2000 was 3.3 billion in contrast to today's expected figure of nearly six billion (Beaverstock, 2006, pp. 44-50). In his theory Notestein elaborated on the reasons for fertility increase. He refers to changes in norms and values associated with the process of modernization. Later authors, such as Coale and Hoover, also gave pre-eminence to social factors, though they did not entirely ignore cultural aspects. The theory enjoyed a honeymoon which lasted for nearly 20 years, and was widely accepted, at least as a generalization.

Role of Immigrants development of London

Migration obviously has social and cultural impacts and, they can go both ways. In recent months, we have heard statements from European politicians about the death of multiculturalism. Angela Merkel, the German chancellor, was first. In an outburst of untypical frankness, she declared that multiculturalism 'has failed and failed utterly'. We then heard similar statements from Nicolas Sarkozy, the French president, and David Cameron, the British Prime ...
Related Ads