Gender Discrimination At Top Management Level

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Gender Discrimination at Top management level

Table of Content


Background of the study4

Objective of the study4


Findings and analysis7





Gender Discrimination at Top management level


It is often argued that women in top leadership positions of firms serve to improve women's recruitment and promotion to managerial positions by mentoring women in lower-level jobs, acting as positive role models, and enhancing hiring and retention of women at the firm. However, theories about whether gender diversity at high levels of firms' hierarchies helps women advance have largely been based on anecdotal evidence and general observation due to the dearth of appropriate datasets conducive to an empirical analysis of this topic (Acar, 2011, 90-156). It is reasonable to expect that gender diversity in the non-managerial ranks at the firm may influence the extent to which women top managers can attract more women into mid-level management positions in the future. The most obvious reason for this is that the greater the percentage of women in non-managerial positions, the greater is the probability that women will be promoted from lower levels to mid-level managerial positions (McMahon, 2005, 137-43).

The purpose of the study

The main research questions to be analyzed are whether the lower chances for women to become promoted into top management jobs is mainly attributable to individual background characteristics . Thus, also discusses the existing literature on occupational segregation, promotion and selection into top management jobs.

Background of the study

There exists a large literature on occupational segregation, promotion and the selection into top management jobs. A review of the literature revealed that very few studies has focused on the managerial positions of women in educational establishment. The problem may be that women have to face obstacles in their career path. Therefore, it is revealed that they are not desirable to do job at administrative positions. Women in general suffer discrimination in promotion process (Pawney1997).

Objective of the study

Comparison of the male and female representatives at the top-level management. How women face different challenges in the business world. Women in management facade many specific diverse challenge. These resources and articles are to help you with these challenges and to celebrate the successes of women who have overcome them.

Investigate the causes restricting women's participation in acquiring higher position, and Promoting higher standards and to increase the status, authority, and influence of managerial and entrepreneurial women.

Uniqueness of men and women in organizational positions, identify how women were represented in managerial positions comparing to their representation in all positions within particular industries.

The requirement of professional developing entrepreneurial and managerial female employees in establishing careers, that including the managerial responsibilities and duties, training and educational opportunity, by exchanging of experiences and knowledge.

Literature Review

Management is an occupational area where women are severely underrepresented. There is absence of women in senior positions of leadership and management at universities (Blackmore2002). The studies have also investigated the barriers that prevent women from advancing into senior positions. This study is motivated by UNESCO study on Women in higher Education management in ...
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