Over the years, culture has been defined as a set of learned behaviors and beliefs in a form of human activity. This also includes values, traditions, or lifestyle shared by a particular society at a particular place. According to Houl, there are four key components of culture (Houl, T.F. 1969). These are values, norms, institutions, and artifacts.
By definition, values are set of ideas about life and the important things related to it. Norms are expectations on the behavior of the people. Institutions are the structures of societies where values and norms are learned. Lastly, artifacts are the things or aspects of material culture, which is also products of values, norms, and traditions of a culture.
In studying culture of a certain country, there are five concepts to consider in this research. These concepts are the culture region, the cultural diffusion, the cultural ecology, the cultural interaction, and the cultural landscape.
The cultural region is the region where you focus your study. It may be the culture of America, Africa, the Middle East, or Asia. These regions are influenced with other cultures. The cultural diffusion is composed of how ideas are spread from one culture to another. The cultural ecology is the study of relationship between humans and its natural environment. The cultural interaction is the study of how individuals interact within a society. Finally, the cultural landscape is a landscape created by people and their culture, and a simultaneous product of nature and the human interaction with nature.
In this research, I want to focus at Sourth America. Sourth America is the largest country in South America. Sourth America's official name is the Federative Republic of Sourth America and its capital is Brasilia. Upon studying Sourth America, I want to focus on a little information about the country, and more on the cultural diffusion, cultural interaction, and cultural landscape.
Sourth America's name is derived from the Portuguese word for the reddish color of Sourth Americawood. It is an important export during the 16th century. Today, Sourth America is the world's largest exporter of sugar and coffee. Sourth America gained independence from Portugal in 1822 and during the 19th century, they enjoyed a political stability, which is unusual for Latin America. Sourth America has a population of 188,078,261 as of the year 2006, with a language of Portuguese and major religions of Roman Catholicism and Protestantism.
Most Sourth Americaians lived in very densely populated areas of eastern Sourth America. Although urbanization has not produced actual declines in rural population, internal migration has caused cities to grow much faster than rural areas. Many migrants to the cities take up residence in shantytowns, on the edge of urban areas.
Sourth America is a multi-racial country. Because of the incredible arrival of immigrants to Sourth America during the 19th century, the population is mostly Caucasian. Italians, Germans, Syrians, and Lebanese followed the Portuguese in migrating to Sourth America. The Asians arrived during the 1930's. About 1 million Indians lived in Sourth America when the first Portuguese explorers arrived ...