Global Justice & Poverty

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What can Global Justice approach tell us about alleviating poverty?

What can Global Justice approach tell us about alleviating poverty?

Thesis Statement

According to Global justice, poverty and exclusion have grown globally, with over-exploitation of resources and people and obscene proportions accumulation of wealth in few hands no matter what hunger or suffering from most people.


The poverty in the world has reached to an enormous level. 2,735 million people, more than a one-third of the world's population, live on less than 2 U.S. Dollar a day. 831 million people are chronically undernourished; almost 1.2 billion has no access to safe drinking water. Moreover, 1 billion have no adequate shelter; 2 billion have no access to electricity. 876 million adults are illiterate. As a result of all this, 18 million people die prematurely every year from the cause that they are significantly in poverty. Same time, the inequality in the world is increasing more and more. This applies to absolutely select relative Aspects. Thus, for the past decades, there has been a clear increase in the Gini Coefficient worldwide, which is a standard measure of the unequal distribution of a variable, here of household income (Werhane, 2010, pp. 18-27).

On the other hand, the concept of justice due largely to development approaches of Rawls's theory of justice, with its postulates that everyone has an equal right to a fully valid scheme of equal basic liberties and social and economic inequalities. Everyone should be associated with jobs and positions available to all on equal opportunities, which poses a greater benefit to the least advantaged members of society. For all its importance, these approaches are insufficient to guide the judiciary in the area of ??the globalized world, while new challenges to philosophers, scientists and academics (Paul, et al., 2006, pp. 1-29).

The global justice is a new category of justice from the conception of the world, not as a set of states, but as a global village. Once it was called international justice law of nations or international ethics. Now it is known as global justice and includes a complex of relations between nations and supranational organizations that have international corporations or associations. Thus, the concept of global justice is broader, complex and collapses the traditional separation between intra-national and international relations, while extending moral analysis to the entire field. So, the issue becomes more complex justice under the supremacy of the richest and most powerful nations to defend their economic interests and ownership of markets and resources in order to sustain its hegemony on the world (Carmody, et al., 2012, pp. 229-245).

In this context, the United Nations Organization (UN) in 2000 proposed the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to achieve goals set in 2015, with special emphasis on promoting equity and eradicates extreme poverty and hunger. One of the MDGs is to reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio (MM). This is defined as the death of a woman during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days after this, from causes related to or aggravated by ...
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