Health psychology is a young discipline, such as psychology, integration of health promotion, epidemiology, health education and health policy and psychology, clinical medicine and public health disciplines of scientific exploration. Western medicine usually focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of disease, anatomical or physiological reasons.Public health epidemiology, risk factors, disease control priorities and population distribution branches. Moreover, public health also admits health advancement, health communicating, health breeding, health and environmental interventions to prevent diseases and improve the health of individuals and communities. (Kasal, 2010)
In 1968, the U.S Psychological Association (APA) set up 28, "Health Psychology", to alleviate the psychologists and other mental health and mental health professionals and behavioral aspects of cooperation. (Resnicow, 2005)Psychology Health psychology is taken within the range of health and disease biopsychosocial model, and use of information, methods, and other health-related disciplines, disease prevention and treatment interventions. Health and bio-psychosocial model of disease than usual in the Western biomedical model is more widely implemented. In the bio-psycho-social model is not from other parts of the body, and behavior that affect the mind and the environment on health and disease. Health psychologists think that the overall biopsycho social model made a number of personal and public health and health care systems to improve optimistic. (Pierce, 2005)
Americans are the leading cause of death was heart disease, cancer, stroke, accidents and lung disease. This is very different patterns of disease leading cause of death in 1900, turn of the century: pneumonia / influenza, tuberculosis and intestinal diseases. Manner of death changed from infectious diseases, it is by reducing the public environmental health, immunization, to a chronic, lifestyle-driven disease models. Individuals are anxious, at any rate in part, from the accumulative consequence of their actions. (Resnicow, 2005)In point of fact, the estimated number of deaths in the United States each year, half are cureable, behavior. (Kasal, 2010)Conduct apparently is considered. Health psychologists analyze the crusade and strategies to reduce (such as smoke, dietetic blubber ingestion, unsafe sex), unhealthy behaviors and increase healthy behaviors (egg, regular exercise, practice stress management), to prevent and treat diseases approach. This topic address the possibility and example, search methods and health psychology diligence. In summation, we compare the health of health psychology and former condition, and talks about the next direction of the area of wellness psychological science. (Resnicow, 2005)
The flow Westerly exemplary of health is largely dependent on the biomedical model, usually separated from the body thought. Recognized in the diagnosis of health psychological science to understand the importance of anatomy and physiology, and disease intervention. Nevertheless, health psychologists concentrate on mental and sociable component, and acknowledgment of health and sickness among the biologic, psychological and social impact of the mutual relations. Psychologists believe that a healthy, suppose hereditary susceptibility or system reception variable interaction of biological, mental and behavioral variable quantity, such as pressure of view, strategy, and way of life, interpersonal relationships, culture, society and the environment theory to find the reasons for the variables of health and ...