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The research discusses the significant aspects of Hinduism and emphasizes on its history, doctrine, beliefs and values, and Holy Scriptures along with other areas of the religion. Furthermore, the research discusses the influential aspect of the religion as it is one of the oldest and third largest religions in the world.

Table of Contents



Thesis Statement1

Aims and Objectives1



The Scriptures3

Religious Values and the Role of Mothers3

Family Politics4

Reproductive Choices in Hinduism6





Hinduism is the third-largest religion in the world, with estimates of anywhere from 800 million to well over 1 billion adherents worldwide. It is widely practiced in India, where 80 percent of the population, now well over 1 billion people, claims Hinduism as their religion. It is also practiced in Nepal, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Bali, and Guyana, and has followed the migration of Indian emigrants around the world. It is estimated that Hindus now represent 1 percent of the population of Britain. Hinduism is the oldest of all living religions. It is also known by the names Sanatana-Dharma and Vaidika-Dharma. The meaning of Sanatana-Dharma is eternal religion. Vaidika-Dharma means the religion of the Vedas. The Vedas are the fundamental scriptures of Hinduism.

Thesis Statement

Hinduism is one of the oldest and influential religions of the world.

Aims and Objectives

The aim and objective of this research is to discuss the significant aspects of Hinduism, which include its history, doctrine, beliefs, scriptures etc.


Hinduism is a religion, which claims that the destiny of man is linked with the universe. Every man on earth is reborn in successive incarnations through the transmigration of souls. It is called Reincarnation. This concept involves characteristic of Hindu caste system. According to the belief, reincarnation is the only form of social advancement, which depends on the fulfillment of the tasks in a person's present life. For this reason, Hindus accepts death calmly, and even with joy (Yamamoto, 1998). The cycle of rebirth is not infinite. The condition of moksha can be achieved only by male Brahmins, which is the most perfect form of the cycle of reincarnation. This can be achieved by the following ways:


The way of knowledge

The path of devotion

In the Hindu pantheon, the highest position is occupied by the great trinity of gods:




The main books of Hinduism are:


The Ramayana



The history of Hinduism can be divided into several periods or phases of development. For each of these characteristics, there are procedures that can help in the attainment of salvation. Hinduism is the regularity of, inter alia, that when it passes the next phase of development, the previous phase does not disappear completely, but it blends into the phase after the following. The factor that binds all these phases is nurtured by awareness of the original Brahmins priests and religious cultural traditions.

Between the second millennium and the first centuries and millennium coincides with the period of the Vedic ritual of Hinduism, called Vedism. Vedism is the oldest religion of India, which was characterized by, inter alia, that it there were no images of the gods, ...
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