How Does Mental Illness In Lower Income Families Differ From Higher Income Families In America?

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How does mental illness in lower income families differ from higher income families in America?

How does mental illness in lower income families differ from higher income families in America?

Literature Review


In 1980, the phase of inequality grew severely and stayed at a higher level ever since. The paper renders an independent review of the research that pays an attention to the arguments and evidence about the mental illness presence in lower income families and higher income families in America. The difference between these development and phenomenon clearly depicts in the literature review, by giving the clear understanding about the constant research. The income inequality thus plays the disastrous role in developing mental illnesses in people.


There are certain responsibilities to examine the income relations with mental health of adult and children. The core purpose of the review is to study whether people in lower income factions had a higher risk of rising intense levels of mental distress, compared with higher income factions. Mental distress is a non-specific psychological state that distinguished by consistent feelings with unhappy mood or anxiety. Clinical depression is the indication of high levels of distress (Cairney et al. 2007). The gap between rich and poor is widening throughout the world. In US, the financial interruption among poor and wealthy is not reducing, and the differences in health amid social classes I and V are extending to a higher level (Smith et al, 1990).

Social inequality and Poverty have direct and indirect results on the mental, social and physical well-being of an individual. According to Wilkinson, it is significant to note that inequality and poverty are deeply associated with other. He conceived that income inequality gives rise to psychosocial stress, which conducts higher death rate and deteriorating health over time (1997). We should observe that people who have high income resources contains less mental disorders, especially in children. Majority of the researches reported that low income status is linked with high commonness of mood disorders (Dohrenwend et al, 1992). Moreover, the research done by Murphy et al in 1991 highlighted that the occurrence of depression was persistently higher in the low socio-economic status population, during the 1950s and 1960s.

The research supports the views that stress of poverty may be mainly linked to depression. Different studies suggest that there is a correlation between income social, health and income inequality problems. The research shows that, higher economic gains do healthier on a range of outcomes. Therefore, it is suggested as a social gradient' in health, which means that the steps you will improve your socio economic life, will increase the chances in healthiness. One thing is not clear that every step improves the health on the same degree or depends on other variables (Rowlingson 2011). A research shows the income inequality causes social and health problems and its effects. A study, for instance, in the year of 1990, the loss of life from income inequality in US was the equivalent of the combined loss of life due to motor-vehicle accidents, lung cancer, HIV-related ...
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