In this paper, I will highlight the key factors for spreading Islam in Anatolia. It is difficult to discover the slow spread of Islam in the central Asian lands of the world. The law of Muslim treated Buddhists, Zoroastrians and Hindus in the same manner as they handled Christians and Jews (www.islamproject.org). The Muslim rulers provided them property, protection of life, and freedom of religious practices against tax payments for developing their military services. The history defines that Buddhist population in Sind (India) embrace Islam more than 2 centuries (712-900). As a result, the population of Buddhism entirely moved out and Hindus in Sind seems to decline more slowly comparative to Buddhism. Later on, all territories were come under the rule of Muslims. Anatolia is the ancient name of present day Turkey. It came under the rule of Turkish tribesmen after 1071, who eventually became Muslims. This was the beginning of a gradual spread of Islam in the region.
Overview of Islamization in Anatolia
The bases of the empire of Seljuk and the supremacy of the Islamic world by Turk were the great period in the history of Muslim peoples and Islamic civilization. On this time, the world of Muslim was suffering from internal and external crisis. In this phase, Seljuks with their new authority fixed their political unity and spread Islam in Anatolia. Sejluks should be credited for bringing Islamization and introducing changes in Anatolia. The Minor Asia had been the mother country of many peoples and served the connection between 3 continents. This country had transformed religious, ethnic, cultural, linguistic and artistic standpoints. Undoubtedly, Seljuk Empire represents the significant role of Islamic civilization, but the turkification of Anatolia also played important role in spreading Islam. After the decline of this empire and its descendant, in both continuing Muslim peoples and Islamic civilization, it decides the future of Christian and Muslim future. The historical and fundamental role of the Ottoman Empire appeared on this time. But apart from Ottoman efforts, the role of Seljuks was still remained and basically they started introducing Islam in Anatolia. The Islamic religion and Turkish language were slowly expanded by the efforts of the Seljuk conquest; this period known as the slow transition of Anatolia from the dominant Greek and Christian society to Muslim and Turkish society. The ruling authority of Anatolia was divided among the Seljuk Sultanate and Byzantine Empire. It has been recorded that Byzantium had long been familiar with Islam and Arab but they were far from the Turks.
It has been found that the Ottoman Turks arrived to the south eastern part of Europe in the middle of 14th century, where most of the Bosnians, Albanians, and few Bulgarians accepted Islam and became Muslim. In the starting of 5th century, Islam did not quickly spread in this period; ...