Laws Governing Education

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Federal and State Laws Governing Educational Assessment

Federal and State Laws Governing Educational Assessment


Education and learning is an important part of an individual's life. These factors play immensely valuable role in the development of an individual and they also play their part in shaping the life of an individual. Education and opportunities to get education is the basic right of an individual. For every child who is diagnosed with special needs have a prescribed plan of action known as an IEP, or individualized education program. This is an action plan that is designed specifically for each child who unveils education plan to meet each child's needs.


Special education includes identification, evaluation and programs especially for children whose learning difficulties or disadvantages require additional support to reach their full development education. These difficulties can range from physical dysfunction, problems with vision, hearing or language, learning dysfunction (mental handicap), emotional difficulties or behavioral, or medical or health. Other children may have more general difficulties with reading, writing, language or math, so they require extra assistance. Aid for special needs education can be integrated schools or special schools.

In special education, considered by the National Education as a form of education, resources and ensures that educational services "to ensure school education and promote developing the potential of students who have special educational needs", evaluation should take on different characteristics, since the proposal is meet the specific needs of each student, with the objective facilitate, guarantee and offer education opportunities for students they do not follow for several reasons, the mainstream school.

However, the evaluation of school performance of students with deficiency has been characterized as a complex process due to specifics of their needs and their development, many often very different. The specific characteristics of some neurological symptoms and hinder the educational evaluation establishment of adaptations or adjustments necessary to assure schooling that student.

The usual procedure for diagnostic evaluation and assessment has not been enough to establish what form of education best suited to meet this clientele and how to assess their potential for learning. Errors in diagnostic procedure, the lack of evaluation and follow-ups are perpetuating an adequate number of misconceptions about the process teaching and learning of these students, primarily those with mental deficiency.

Federal and State Initiatives Pertaining to Assessment Programs

Federal law No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) of 2001 was signed by President George W. Bush on January 8, 2002. At that time, was praised by both Republicans, as Democrats, as a largely designed to bridge the achievement gap between disadvantaged students belonging to social minorities and other students in the primary education system secondary. To achieve these goals, "reauthorized" the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (ESEA) and amended other statutes, to include new provisions on the liability of schools for students to meet the minimum standards of the degree where they are, and to provide flexibility and choice for parents put their children in locations that tend to academic improvement (Clewell, ...
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