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Literature can be considered, not as a quality or a set of inherent qualities that are evident in certain works, but as the different ways that people relate to writing. It is not easy to separate from everything in one form or another has been called "literature." There is absolutely nothing that constitutes the very essence of literature. Literature is any text that, for one reason or another, someone has a lot (Roberts, pp. 66). This term refers to the role of text in a social context, to which it relates to its environment and what differentiates it from him, his behavior, the purposes for which they can be targeted and that human activities around.


The genres are unique exhibition techniques, linked to certain laws of form and content of historical or not, subject to which literary works. The first classification of literary genres belongs to Aristotle, who reduced them to three: epic, lyric and dramatic. The first has extended its meaning to include the novel, the broader notion of narrative. However, gender shaped historically. Therefore, it is often difficult to set rigid boundaries between the actual narrative or epic narrative or poetic lyricism and dramatic or theatrical. Within each genre, or sub-genres emerge smaller genera; some of them are valid only in certain historical moments.

Narrative Genre

The narrative work is one in which a narrator, through oral or written discourse, tells a story, aimed at listeners and readers.

Sub-narrative genres:

The story: Narrative of a fictitious action, of a simple, brief extension, trends varied by a rich literary tradition and popular. In general, the narrative development of the story is straight, with few characters and the narrative process favors the outcome.

The novel is narrated: Work in an action or partly feigned, whose purpose is to cause aesthetic delight readers through the description ...
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