Literature Review: Theory Of Regionalism

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[Literature Review: Theory of Regionalism]



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Table of Contents




Regionalism in United States1

The Emergence of New American Regionalism2

New Economic Regionalism3

State Politics and Policy6

Factors Cause a Gridlock in California and State Government.8

Regionalism Affects State GoSvernment9



Regionalism in United States

In politics, regionalism is the ideology according to which, while accepting the existence of a political community and the nation, the defense seeks specific part of it which is distinguished by its homogeneity in the physical and cultural. Some authors called autonomist opposition to centralism. Regionalist most essential purposes are the adequacy of state action to local needs closer to the citizens of the state administration, the survival and promotion of the customs themselves, and in backward regions, achieving a fair redistribution of national income to improve their economic and social conditions. To achieve these objectives, unlike that postulated by the peripheral nationalism, regionalism does not contest the national unity, but advocate the decentralization of the form that suits the activity of public authorities to the specific conditions of different areas

The national debate on rural development policy has made little progress not only because of the competing political and economic interests involved but also because it has been conducted within the conceptual confines of an obsolete economic development paradigm. The old paradigm focuses attention on the unique hardships and bleak prospects of rural areas, but it fails to shed light on the underlying causes or on current opportunities for development. A new conceptual framework is needed: a new economic development paradigm that encompasses the global restructuring of economic activity, incorporates the underlying transformation of business competition, and places the focus on the development of integrated economic regions. The current economic problems of rural areas reflect the emergence of a new economic regionalism. The relevance of the national rural policy debate hinges on the extent to which this new regionalism and its implications for rural areas are understood.

The Emergence of New American Regionalism

America, which pioneered regional integration processes in the postwar boom perion, has also been an active participant of the new wave of regional agreements and regional economic and political post-Cold War. Though with different national approaches and options has settles the idea that regionalism is an appropriate strategy to enhance international integration of countries in the region to increase the influence in the multilateral organizations or in trade negotiations to promote more effective management of regional interdependence, and for all that has been configured as an essential component of the development agenda particularly suitable for middle-income ...
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