In the lay man terms, malaria is known as an infection caused because of the bite of the mosquito, it can happen to both, the animal and the humans. In the medical language “it's a transferable disease that is caused by the eukaryotic protists of the plasmodium type. This disease is caused by the multiplication of parasites in the blood (in the red blood cells) and causes symptoms like headaches and high fever, and in certain extreme cases, they have been known to result in death or coma. Malaria is a disease that is quite widespread in the regions like subtropical and tropical and also Asia, America and sub Saharan Africa.
Malaria is a disease that is easily transmitted from one person to another and its spread can be control, if not entirely prevented by avoiding the mosquito bites. This can be done by using mosquito repellents, nets and by taking measures that controlling the reproduction of mosquitoes (i.e. by draining the stagnant water which is the place where mosquito breeds). Though a need to prevent malaria is desperately required, however, at present there is no such medication (vaccine) available. There are several medicines available in the markets that are commonly used by the people who are habitual travelers to the infected areas.
There are many anti-malarial medicines available and in case of intolerable conditions, the malarial infection is treated by injecting the medicines directly into the veins for quick improvement in the patients; this method has been used by the doctors since the mid of 2000s. In 2009, approximately 225 million malarial disease cases have been reported worldwide. According to a report by World Health Organization's World Malaria Report (2011), roughly 655,000 people have died because of this disease in the year 2010. However, a recent study in the year 2012 highlighted the fact that the death rate by the malarial infection has been higher than the past couple of years.
The sub Saharan Africa is the area with ninety percent of deaths cause by the malarial infections. Out of these the majority of the casualties have been of young children under the age of five; they are cause by the most dangerous form of malarial infection. It is said that people effected most by this disease are living in poverty.
A History of Malaria in New Jersey
The population of New Jersey faces the serious threat to health because of this malaria till the 1950s when it was eradicated from the region. In August of 1991, it came as a shocked to the knowledge of the public when 2 cases of malarial infection (that were mosquito borne) were found in New Jersey. It is a known fact that every year the 4 distinctive elements of malarial infection are present, and they are the appropriate Anopheles vectors, the second worth noticing element is the summer season in New Jersey (the temperature in the region goes above 60 degrees F), another element is the visitors who have been to malaria ...