This, fortunately for this generation manager because they have more than a century management theory and thought retrospect. Although modern management theory dates primarily from the early twentieth century, there were no serious thinking and theorizing about how to manage many years ago. For many of the different contributions of writers and practitioners have resulted in different approaches to management, resulting in a kind of management theory jungle and help them meet the challenge of the future.
Despite the inaccuracy and relative robustness of the theory of governance, development of management thinking goes back to the days when people first tried to achieve by working in groups. To find out something against the development of management thought. "Even a limited knowledge can help evaluate many of the opinions, ideas and scientific principles that preceded the rise of management thought could help us to avoid re-formerly know idea." (Harold Koontz, Heinz Weihrich, 1988)
Development of Management Theory
The history of modern management is characterized by a swing of the pendulum. "administration concept from the nineteenth century to the present day - mostly from Taylorism to Japanization. (John Sheldrake, 1997) Scientific management was developed in the crucible of American industrialization, and then spread throughout the industry and the industrialization of the world.
Taylor was the main initiator of the creation and widespread use of scientific management, though not the first to examine the theory in this area. However, while Taylor's guidelines for the management, perhaps the most widely recognized by many participants of this approach, whose work also shows the urgency of today. Here are just a couple of below:
"Administration as a profession," Mary Parker Follett (1868-1933)
"Classification of the constituents of the work, FrankB. Gilbreth (1868-1924) and LillianM. Gilbreth (1878-1972)
"Hawthorne, Elton Mayo (1880-1949)
Many theorists strongly disagree with each other. Some differences are so radical that they can never be reconciled. An important result of this is that, although there may be a general agreement from time to time what is the best management practices, theoretical ingredients, as a rule change. "why the adversarial, rather than definitive. Although there is a sense of progressive, evolutionary refinement, there is no master narrative to convince us that the latter theory is necessarily the best. (John Sheldrake, 1997) control theory is not, of course, we fully articulated at the beginning of this century He already had a considerable history.
The Classical Approach
The Classical Definition
We always discussed whether the theory of management is or is not helpful. Firstly, it is difficult to single out any particular set of principles or models (classical, behavioral, management) in pure form. Especially the translation of these principles into practice in various modifications and effort. Secondly, especially the management principles are interpreted differently by different people, and the result is often confusion. Thirdly, the main schools of thought supporting the people management principles home with different experiences, values and managerial experience. These differences create some conflict of the students and the principles of control theory. Classical writers focus on work planning, technical requirements, ...